Birim South District is one of the 260 Metropolitan, Municipal and District Assemblies (MMDAs) in Ghana and forms part of the thirty three 33 Municipalities and Districts in the Eastern Region of Ghana.

The District was created in 2008 by L.I 1850 and was carved out of the former Birim South District now Birim Central Municipal.

The Administrative Capital of the District is Akim Swedru and it covers an estimated land area of 725.99 square kilometers.

The District shares boundaries with Birim Central Municipal to the north, to the south with Asikuma-Odoben-Brakwa District, to the east with West Akim Municipal and to the west with Assin Central Municipal.

The population of the district according to 2010 population and housing census stands at 119,767 with 57,981 males and 61,786 females.