Ayensuano District is one of the 260 Metropolitan, Municipal and District Assemblies in Ghana and forms part of the thirty three 33 Municipalities and Districts in the Eastern Region of Ghana. 

The District lies within Latitudes 50 451N and 60 5 1 N and Longitudes 00 151W and 00 45W and it is located in the southern part of the Eastern Region with a total land area of 499km2.

With its administrative capital
Coaltar, Ayensuano was carved from Suhum-Kraboa-Coaltar and forms part of the new Districts and Municipalities created in the year 2012 and were inaugurated at their various locations simultaneously on the 28th June, 2012 by Legislative Instrument Number 2052.

It shares boundaries with the mother District Suhum Municipality to the north; Nsawam Adoagyiri Municipality to the south; Akwapem South District to the east and Upper West Akim District and West Akim Municipality to the west.

The population of the District according to 2010 population and housing census stands at 77,193 with 38,440 males and 38,753 females.