Bongo District is one of the fifteen (15) Municipals and Districts in the Upper East Region, with Bongo  as its district capital.

It was created by Legislative Instrument 1446 (LI 1446) in 1988 with Bongo as its capital. The district lies between longitudes 0.45o W and latitude 10.50o N to 11.09 and has a total land area of 459.5 square kilometres.

The Bongo District shares boundaries with Burkina Faso to the north, Kassena-Nankana East to the west, Bolgatanga Municipal to the south west and Nabdam District to south east. The district lies within the Oncho-cerciasis-freed zone.

The population of the municipality according to 2010 population and housing census stands at 84,545 with 40,084 males and 44,461 females.