Nzema East Municipal forms part of twenty three (23) Metropolitan, Municipalities and Districts in the Western Region of Ghana. The Municipality was created in 2008 by Legislative Instrument (L.I.) 1840.

The Municipality has Axim as its capital and is located on the southern end of the region between longitudes 20 05’ and 20 35’ west and latitudes 40 40' and 50 20' north. This makes it one of the best destinations for tourists in the region. The Municipality covers a total surface area of 1084.0 km2.

The Municipality shares boundaries with Jomoro Municipal to the west, Amenfi Central to the north, to the east with Ahanta West District and Tarkwa Nsuaem Municipal respectively, the Municipality on the south share with the Gulf of Guinea.

The population of the Municipality according to 2010 population and housing census stands at 60,828 with 29,947 males and 30,881 females.