Main Source of Water for Drinking and for Other Domestic Use
Main source of water for drinking
Table 8.10 presents information on the main source of water for drinking and other domestic use by households. The table shows that, bore-hole/pump/tube well (65.2%) is the main source of drinking water in the district, followed by protected well (14.1%). The use of protected bottled water and other forms as source of drinking water is non-existent in the district.
Figure 8.3 presents data on main source of drinking water by locality type. It can be observed from the figure that bore-hole/pump/tube well is mostly used in both urban (68.0%) than rural areas (43.5%). However, the use of pipe-borne water (pipe borne inside dwelling, pipe borne outside dwelling and public tap/standpipe) is predominant in urban than the rural areas.
Main source of water for other domestic use
Similarly, for main source of water for other domestic use as shown in Table 8.10, bore-hole/pump/tube well is the predominant source (64.5%), followed by protected well (14.4%). On the other hand, rain water (0.1%), tanker supply/vendor provided (0.1%) and others (0.1%) are the least used sources of water for other domestic purposes.
With regards to locality type, water from bore-hole/pump/tube well is the most used source of water for other domestic purposes in both the rural areas (67.3%) and the urban areas (43.0%). However, the proportion of households using pipe-borne in dwelling is considerably higher in the urban areas (19.7%) than the rural areas (0.9%).
Bathing and Toilet Facilities
Toilet facility used by household
Table 8.11 shows the type of toilet facilities used by households in the district. The table shows that, the majority of households (86.3%) use no facility (bush/beach/field), followed by KVIP (6.6%). The least used toilet facilities by households are bucket/pan (0.1%).
Considering the type of toilet facilities used by households in different localities of the district, a high percentage of households have no facilities (bush/beach/field) (89.1%) in rural localities than in urban localities (64.4%) as shown in Figure 8.4. Similarly many more households use KVIP (18.9%) in urban than in rural areas (5.0%). The proportion of households without access to toilet facility is quite high in both urban and rural areas and likely to pose serious health challenge in the district.
Bathing facility used by household
Table 8.11 shows that, majority of households use own bathroom for exclusive use (43.7%), followed by private open cubicle (23.3%). The least used bathing facilities by households are bathroom in another house (0.1%).
It can be observed from Table 8.11 that many more households use own bathroom for exclusive use (45.0%) in rural localities than in urban localities (33.6%). Similarly many more households use shared separate bathroom in the same house (33.4%) in urban area than rural area (13.1%).
Method of Waste Disposal
Table 8.12 shows the main method of solid and liquid waste disposal by households in the district. About 29 percent of households dispose off their solid waste by burning. In urban/rural localities about one third of households (30.0%) either burn their solid waste or use public dump (34.1%) (Open space) for solid waste disposal.
With regards to liquid waste disposal, 47.5 percent of households in the district dispose their liquid waste onto their compound as shown in Table 8.12. Many more rural households (50.6%) than urban households (23.5%) dispose their liquid waste onto their compounds. Furthermore many urban households (66.3%) than rural households (35.6%) dispose their 62
liquid waste onto the street/outside. Sewerage systems (0.3%) are the least used liquid waste disposal method in urban localities.
Date Created : 11/18/2017 4:58:38 AM