The Bolgatanga Municipal is one of the 261 Metropolitan, Municipal and District Assemblies in Ghana, and forms part of the fifteen (15) Municipalities and Districts in the Upper East Region.

With the Administrative capital  as Bolgatanga, the Bolgatanga Municipality was established in 2004 by Legislative Instrument (LI) 1797 and is located in the centre of the Upper East Region, approximately, between latitudes 10°30' and 10°50' north and longitudes 0°30' and 1°00' west, it is also the regional capital.

In terms of size, it covers a total land area of 334 square kilometres.

The Municipality shares boundaries with Bongo District to the north, to the east with Nabdam District, to the south with Talensi District and to the west with Kassena Nankana Municipal.

The population of the Municipality according to 2021 population and housing census stands at 139,864 with 66,607 males and 73,257 females.