The average household size of 4.4 for the region is lower than the national average of 5.1. This may be due to the fact that the region has a number of its residents migrating to other regions. There are six districts, which have figures even further below that of the region. Cape Coast has the lowest average household size of 3.9, and Assin with 4.9, has the highest.
About a fifth of all household members are heads, ranging from 18.8 per cent in Assin to 24.3 per cent in Cape Coast. About two-fifths of household members are children of the heads. This proportion ranges from 34.3 per cent in Cape Coast to 43.7 per cent in Twifo-Hemang-Lower Denkyira.
The next group of people who constitute a sizeable proportion in the household are other relatives. The relatively high proportion of grandchildren in households reflect a living arrangement where adults with children may live with their parents in the same house, while that of other relatives may reflect the practice of fostering of young children asked to stay with other siblings of parents.
Children form the bulk of household members (38.9%) in all the districts in the region, while parents and in-laws form the smallest proportions. It is also significant to note that there is very little variation in the composition of households in the districts.
Overall, most household heads are between the ages of 25 and 49. There are no significant differences across districts. In terms of sex, however, the situation is different. Males tend to assume household headship at younger ages than females. At least 10 per cent of male heads of households in all districts are between 25 and 49 years. Furthermore, the concentration of male heads is in the age range of 25-49, while that for females is 40-54.
It is also important to note that after age 50, the proportions of female heads of households are more than those of male household heads. At age 75 years and older, the proportions are much higher. The explanation could be the higher survival rates of females to males at higher ages. Under normal circumstances, males tend to be older than their female spouses, which means that many females assume headship on the death of spouses.
More than half of the population (15 years and older) in all districts, except Cape Coast, are in a form of marital union (married or living together in a consensual union). In most districts there are more females than males in such unions. In contrast there are more males than females who have never married. The explanation could be that females generally marry earlier than males. While 37.1 per cent of males have never been married, 22 per cent females have never married. There are more never married people in Cape Coast than in any other district. While the proportion of the residents never married in other districts ranges between 23 and 30.8 percent, the proportion never married in Cape Coast is 40.5 per cent. This may be due to several factors, including the high proportion of students as well as young persons who had moved to the district in search of jobs or to begin a career.
Among those who have ever been in a marital union (separated, divorced or widowed), most of them are either divorced or widowed. There are more divorced persons in Ajumako- Enyan-Esiam (9.9%) and Komenda-Edina-Eguafo-Abirem (9.1%) while there are more widowed persons in Gomoa (8.5%), Mfantsiman (8%) and Ajumako-Enyan-Esiam (8%). Among males, there are more divorcees than separated or widowed, while females tend to be widowed more than divorced or separated. It is also important to note that for each of these three categories, the proportion of females is much higher than that of males.
As noted earlier, this phenomenon could be due to the higher survival rate of females than males. It could also be due to females marrying older men who die leaving them widowed at ages where they find it difficult to re-marry. However, males tend to remarry soon after experiencing a break in marriage, from either divorce or death of spouse.