The Central Region was historically part of the Western Region until 1970 when it was carved out just before the 1970 Population Census. It occupies an area of 9,826 square kilometres or 4.1 per cent of Ghana’s land area, making it the third smallest in area after Greater Accra and Upper East. It shares common boundaries with Western Region on the west, Ashanti and Eastern Regions on the north, and Greater Accra Region on the east. On the south is the 168-kilometre length Atlantic Ocean (Gulf of Guinea) coastline.
The region was the first area in the country to make contact with the Europeans. Its capital, Cape Coast, was also the capital of the Gold Coast until 1877, when the capital was moved to Accra. It was in the castle of Cape Coast that the historic Bond of 1844 was signed between the British and the Fante Confederation.
In all, there are about 32 major festivals in the region. Notable among these are the Aboakyer at Winneba, Fetu at Cape Coast and Bakatue at Elmina.
The region has two Universities - University of Cape Coast and the University of Education, Winneba. The Cape Coast Municipality has excellent educational institutions like Mfantsipim School, St. Augustine’s College, Wesley Girls High School, Adisadel College and Holy Child that have produced some of the prominent citizens in the country.
Cocoa farmers in the Asikuma-Odoben-Brakwa District in the Central Region have been encouraged to register with the Cocoa Extension Officers to enable them take advantage of the government’s free distribution of fertilizer to increase cocoa yield in the district.
Traders at Kotokoraba Market in the Cape Coast Metropolis will soon relocate into their newly constructed temporal structures as part of efforts to help pave way for a permanent market to be constructed.
The Cape Coast Metropolitan Assembly in the Central Region has taken delivery of sizeable number of waste bins and a waste collecting vehicle from NaWaBin, a new Waste Management Company to assist waste collection in the area.
President John Dramani Mahama says the Central region has so much potential and opportunities to improve the lot of the people and therefore challenged the Central Region Development Commission to come up with strategic plans to improve the economic situation in the region.
Residents of Asuansi in Abura-Asebu-Kwamankese District of the Central Region have made a passionate appeal to government to, as a matter of urgency, construct the road from Abakrampa to Asuansi through Nyamedom to enable them to transport their farm produce easily to the market.
District Chief Executive for Asikuma-Odoben-Brakwa, Samuel Adom Botchway has commended the Member of Parliament for the area, Georgina Nkrumah Aboah for the significant role she is playing in bringing development to the Asikuma-Odoben Brakwa District.