The Central Region was historically part of the Western Region until 1970 when it was carved out just before the 1970 Population Census. It occupies an area of 9,826 square kilometres or 4.1 per cent of Ghana’s land area, making it the third smallest in area after Greater Accra and Upper East. It shares common boundaries with Western Region on the west, Ashanti and Eastern Regions on the north, and Greater Accra Region on the east. On the south is the 168-kilometre length Atlantic Ocean (Gulf of Guinea) coastline.
The region was the first area in the country to make contact with the Europeans. Its capital, Cape Coast, was also the capital of the Gold Coast until 1877, when the capital was moved to Accra. It was in the castle of Cape Coast that the historic Bond of 1844 was signed between the British and the Fante Confederation.
In all, there are about 32 major festivals in the region. Notable among these are the Aboakyer at Winneba, Fetu at Cape Coast and Bakatue at Elmina.
The region has two Universities - University of Cape Coast and the University of Education, Winneba. The Cape Coast Municipality has excellent educational institutions like Mfantsipim School, St. Augustine’s College, Wesley Girls High School, Adisadel College and Holy Child that have produced some of the prominent citizens in the country.
The Municipal Chief Executive for the Awutu Senya East Municipal Assembly, Adams Nuhu has conceded that management of boundary issues within his jurisdiction is a major challenge vis-à-vis the effective pursuit of the development plan of the assembly.
A principal street at Elmina in the Komenda-Edina-Eguafo-Abirem Municipality has been named after former President Jerry John Rawlings as efforts of reciprocating his enormous development projects during his tenure in office as president of Ghana.
The Central Regional Minister, Mr Aquinas Tawiah Quansah, has directed local assemblies in the region to gazette all bye-laws on Environmental Health and Sanitation towards curbing cholera and other filth-related health hazards.