The Central Region was historically part of the Western Region until 1970 when it was carved out just before the 1970 Population Census. It occupies an area of 9,826 square kilometres or 4.1 per cent of Ghana’s land area, making it the third smallest in area after Greater Accra and Upper East. It shares common boundaries with Western Region on the west, Ashanti and Eastern Regions on the north, and Greater Accra Region on the east. On the south is the 168-kilometre length Atlantic Ocean (Gulf of Guinea) coastline.
The region was the first area in the country to make contact with the Europeans. Its capital, Cape Coast, was also the capital of the Gold Coast until 1877, when the capital was moved to Accra. It was in the castle of Cape Coast that the historic Bond of 1844 was signed between the British and the Fante Confederation.
In all, there are about 32 major festivals in the region. Notable among these are the Aboakyer at Winneba, Fetu at Cape Coast and Bakatue at Elmina.
The region has two Universities - University of Cape Coast and the University of Education, Winneba. The Cape Coast Municipality has excellent educational institutions like Mfantsipim School, St. Augustine’s College, Wesley Girls High School, Adisadel College and Holy Child that have produced some of the prominent citizens in the country.
The chiefs and elders of Ofaako traditional area at a ceremony released a 17.64 acre land to Awutu-Senya East Municipal Assembly for the construction of a Community Senior High School at Odupongkpehe/Ofaako in the Central Region.
The Ekumfi District Assembly in the Central Region has completed works on 5 institutional latrines for selected schools in the district. They are Edumafa, Suprudo, Dunkwa/Abontsin, Narkwa, and Etsibeedu.
A rest stop at Eyisam in the Ekumfi District in the Central Region which is jointly financed by the Central Region Development Commission and the Ekumfi District Assembly is yet to be completed after several years.
The District Chief Executive Officer for Asikuma-Odoben-Brakwa, Mr. Samuel Adom Botchway has said the assembly through the District Response Initiative (DRI) is working assiduously to drastically reduce the current HIV prevalence rate of 1.6% to 0.2% in the next few years.
Ghana’s National Peace Walker, Isaac Annan has called on traditional rulers and the general public at the Agona East District in the Central Region to be committed to clean environment to prevent communicable diseases resulting from unkempt environment.
One thousand bags of government’s subsidized fertilizer meant for distribution to NPP delegates in the Twifo Herman-Lower-Denkyira District in the Central Region were last Friday 12 June, 2015 intercepted.