The Central Region was historically part of the Western Region until 1970 when it was carved out just before the 1970 Population Census. It occupies an area of 9,826 square kilometres or 4.1 per cent of Ghana’s land area, making it the third smallest in area after Greater Accra and Upper East. It shares common boundaries with Western Region on the west, Ashanti and Eastern Regions on the north, and Greater Accra Region on the east. On the south is the 168-kilometre length Atlantic Ocean (Gulf of Guinea) coastline.
The region was the first area in the country to make contact with the Europeans. Its capital, Cape Coast, was also the capital of the Gold Coast until 1877, when the capital was moved to Accra. It was in the castle of Cape Coast that the historic Bond of 1844 was signed between the British and the Fante Confederation.
In all, there are about 32 major festivals in the region. Notable among these are the Aboakyer at Winneba, Fetu at Cape Coast and Bakatue at Elmina.
The region has two Universities - University of Cape Coast and the University of Education, Winneba. The Cape Coast Municipality has excellent educational institutions like Mfantsipim School, St. Augustine’s College, Wesley Girls High School, Adisadel College and Holy Child that have produced some of the prominent citizens in the country.
District Chief Executive of the Ajumako-Enyan-Esiam District, Peter Light Koomson has observed that with the right attitude and commitment on the part of revenue collectors and adoption of new techniques by management, the assembly would be able to meet its revenue targets.
Sand winning at beaches in the Central Region is not only destroying the environment but also hotels, restaurants and other investments along the coast. The inhabitants are, therefore, appealing to the Regional Police Command and the Environmental Protection Agency to assist in curbing the practice so as to save the Region from possible loss of beach front properties.
The Headmistress of Aburaman Senior High School, Madam Alberta Obiriwa Rigg-Stewart, has appealed to the government, non-governmental organizations and private companies to assist the School to complete the water project it started a year ago.