The Central Region was historically part of the Western Region until 1970 when it was carved out just before the 1970 Population Census. It occupies an area of 9,826 square kilometres or 4.1 per cent of Ghana’s land area, making it the third smallest in area after Greater Accra and Upper East. It shares common boundaries with Western Region on the west, Ashanti and Eastern Regions on the north, and Greater Accra Region on the east. On the south is the 168-kilometre length Atlantic Ocean (Gulf of Guinea) coastline.
The region was the first area in the country to make contact with the Europeans. Its capital, Cape Coast, was also the capital of the Gold Coast until 1877, when the capital was moved to Accra. It was in the castle of Cape Coast that the historic Bond of 1844 was signed between the British and the Fante Confederation.
In all, there are about 32 major festivals in the region. Notable among these are the Aboakyer at Winneba, Fetu at Cape Coast and Bakatue at Elmina.
The region has two Universities - University of Cape Coast and the University of Education, Winneba. The Cape Coast Municipality has excellent educational institutions like Mfantsipim School, St. Augustine’s College, Wesley Girls High School, Adisadel College and Holy Child that have produced some of the prominent citizens in the country.
The Abura-Asebu-Kwamanakese District Assembly in the Central Region has for the third consecutive time qualified for the district development fund (DDF) after scoring high marks in the FOAT Assessment for 2013.
District chief Executive for the Asikuma-Odoben-Brakwa District, Samuel Adom Botchway in a sharp responds to call for the rehabilitation of the feeder road linking Asikuma – Amanfopong said steps had already been taken to improve the road for smooth transportation.
The 2012 flagbearer of the Progressive People’s Party (PPP), Dr. Papa Kwesi Nduom has commissioned and handed over a Community Center to the people of Gwira- Akyinim in the Komenda Edina Eguafo-Abirem (KEEA) Municipality.