The Central Region was historically part of the Western Region until 1970 when it was carved out just before the 1970 Population Census. It occupies an area of 9,826 square kilometres or 4.1 per cent of Ghana’s land area, making it the third smallest in area after Greater Accra and Upper East. It shares common boundaries with Western Region on the west, Ashanti and Eastern Regions on the north, and Greater Accra Region on the east. On the south is the 168-kilometre length Atlantic Ocean (Gulf of Guinea) coastline.
The region was the first area in the country to make contact with the Europeans. Its capital, Cape Coast, was also the capital of the Gold Coast until 1877, when the capital was moved to Accra. It was in the castle of Cape Coast that the historic Bond of 1844 was signed between the British and the Fante Confederation.
In all, there are about 32 major festivals in the region. Notable among these are the Aboakyer at Winneba, Fetu at Cape Coast and Bakatue at Elmina.
The region has two Universities - University of Cape Coast and the University of Education, Winneba. The Cape Coast Municipality has excellent educational institutions like Mfantsipim School, St. Augustine’s College, Wesley Girls High School, Adisadel College and Holy Child that have produced some of the prominent citizens in the country.
The Agona West Municipal Directorate of the Ghana Education Service (GES), has posted an ICT teacher to manage the Lower Bobikuma Second Lady-Assisted ICT Centre which has been abandoned for over one year now.
The Effutu Municipal Assembly in the Central Region, as per its mission to ensure development in the area constructed and handed over two-separate modern 12-seater Water Closet (WC) toilet facilities at Donkonyeamu and Sankor communities to improve sanitation.
The Effutu Municipal Assembly in the Central Region has completed a new Community-based Health Planning Service (CHPS) compound for residents at Ansaful and its surrounding communities as efforts aimed at improving health delivery.
A free supplementary school for more than 600 underprivileged pupils in Elmina and its environs in the Komenda-Edina-Eguafo-Abrem (KEEA) Municipality was on Tuesday launched by Kingdom Lifestyle Mission (KLM), a United Kingdom based Christian Non- Governmental Organization (NGO).
Construction work on the new bridge to replace the weak steel one over the Elmina Benya Lagoon in the Komenda-Edina-Eguafo-Abrem Municipality of the Central Region, is about forty two percent complete.
The Municipal Chief Executive for the Awutu Senya East Municipal Assembly, Adams Nuhu has conceded that management of boundary issues within his jurisdiction is a major challenge vis-à-vis the effective pursuit of the development plan of the assembly.