The Central Region was historically part of the Western Region until 1970 when it was carved out just before the 1970 Population Census. It occupies an area of 9,826 square kilometres or 4.1 per cent of Ghana’s land area, making it the third smallest in area after Greater Accra and Upper East. It shares common boundaries with Western Region on the west, Ashanti and Eastern Regions on the north, and Greater Accra Region on the east. On the south is the 168-kilometre length Atlantic Ocean (Gulf of Guinea) coastline.
The region was the first area in the country to make contact with the Europeans. Its capital, Cape Coast, was also the capital of the Gold Coast until 1877, when the capital was moved to Accra. It was in the castle of Cape Coast that the historic Bond of 1844 was signed between the British and the Fante Confederation.
In all, there are about 32 major festivals in the region. Notable among these are the Aboakyer at Winneba, Fetu at Cape Coast and Bakatue at Elmina.
The region has two Universities - University of Cape Coast and the University of Education, Winneba. The Cape Coast Municipality has excellent educational institutions like Mfantsipim School, St. Augustine’s College, Wesley Girls High School, Adisadel College and Holy Child that have produced some of the prominent citizens in the country.
Mr. Samuel Adom Botchway, the District Chief Executive of Asikuma Odoben Brakwa has distributed 500 dual desks to some selected basic schools in the district to help address their infrastructural challenges and improve standards of education in the district.
The Gomoa West District Assembly has expressed its willingness to support brilliant girls who passed their basic school exams to further their education in some selected senior cycle institutions within the district.
Women in the Agona Swedru Central and Mandela Markets, have declared their unflinching support for President John Dramani Mahama, and have, therefore, promised to vote massively for the NDC in elections 2016.
Madam Lydia Frempomaa Boateng, the Head teacher of Agona Duakwa Salvation Army Basic School in the Agona East District of the Central Region has underscored the need to invert the current infrastructural state of the school.
The Effutu Municipality has received funding from the World Bank through the Ministry of Local Government and Rural Development for the implementation of the third Urban Development Grant (UDG) sub projects.
Mr Ebo Barton Odro, First Deputy Speaker of Parliament and Member of Parliament for Cape Coast North Constituency on Monday stated that Information and Communication Technology (ICT) must be a basic necessity for all pupils at the basic school level in the country.
The newly constructed community Senior High School at Ekumfi Otuam in the Central Region would be named after the late President Professor John Evans Atta Mills, Deputy Minister of Local Government ad Rural Development, Nii Lamptey Vanderpuye has disclosed.
The Commonwealth University in London on Wednesday, 28th July, 2015 awarded the District Chief Executive of Twifo Hemang Lower Denkyira District, Hon. Francis Kofi Korankye Sakyi with doctorate degree in Public Administration (DPA).