The economically active population in the region is engaged mainly in Agriculture (excluding Fishing), with 44.5 per cent of them employed in the branch of activity. This represents a decline from the 1984 level of 61.9 percent.
The next highest proportion of the economically active population is employed in Wholesale and Retail Trade (18.4%), followed by Manufacturing (12.2%) and Community, Social and Personal Services etc., (9.9%). These four major economic activities employ a total of 85.0 per cent of the economically active population, which is lower than that of 1984 (94.4%).
The proportion of the economically active population engaged in other economic activities is less than 5.0 per cent in each case. Water and Transport, Storage and Communications, Electricity, Gas and all the other activities increased their proportions of the economically active population employed in 2000 compared with 1984, except Agriculture, Hunting and Forestry.
The housing stock in the region is 329,478, of which 37.1 per cent are in urban areas and 62.9 per cent in rural areas. This is in contrast to the 17.4 per cent of houses in urban, and 82.6 per cent in rural, areas in 1970. The total stock also represents an increase of 86.8 per cent over the stock in 1984. The relative increase in the proportion of urban housing is a reflection of the increase in urbanisation. As a result, the region’s share of the national housing stock increased over the years from 14.6 per cent in 1970 to 15.1 per cent in 2000.
A measure of the quality of dwelling is its size relative to the number of occupants, measured in terms of persons per room. There are more households per house in the region (2.1) than in the other regions. The average household size in the region (5.3) is higher than the national average (5.1) but lower than the three Northern Regions.
The proportion of the economically active population varies from 71.4 in the Kumasi metropolis to 85.2 per cent in the Amansie West District. Only five districts have proportions lower than 80.0 percent. The major occupation in all the districts is Agriculture/Animal Husbandry/Forestry, except in the Kumasi metropolis, where Sales workers predominate. The proportion of females in Sales is higher than that of males in all the districts.
The proportion of females in Agriculture/Animal Husbandry/Forestry is also higher than that of males for the region as a whole and for the following three districts: Kumasi, Ejura Sekyedumase, and Offinso. Residents in the rural areas are mostly in Agriculture whereas those in urban areas are mainly in Sales and Production work. Majority of the economically active population are self-employed, mainly in the private informal sector, which provides job opportunities, particularly for females with little or no formal education.