The household recorded 342,808 in the Brong Ahafo Region. This constitutes 9.3 per cent of the total number of households for the country. Females head more than a third (34.3%) of the households, which is the same for the total country. Household heads constitute 18.9 per cent of the region’s population. The average household size for the region is 5.3, higher than the national average of 5.1.
Asunafo, Wenchi, Kintampo, Atebubu and Sene have less than one third of female-headed households, with Berekum having the highest proportion. Berekum has the highest proportion of females who have been in a union before, but currently not. This might be the reason for the high female-headed ratio.
While Dormaa and Sunyani have average household sizes of less than 5, Jaman, Atebubu and Sene have the largest average household size of 6, followed by Kintampo with 5.8.
Under a fifth (18.9%) of household members are heads (including temporary heads). This ranges at the district level, from 16.6 per cent in Jaman, 16.8 per cent in Atebubu to 21.2 per cent in Sunyani. Children of heads of household form 40.0 per cent of household members; with corresponding proportions ranging from 36.6 per cent in Berekum to 44.9 per cent in Sene. Other relatives (20.5%), who constitute the next highest percentage of household members in each district, ranges from 17.9 per cent in Asunafo to 27.5 per cent in Berekum.
The highest percentage of spouses of the heads of households is in Sene (10.5%), Atebubu (10.1%), followed by Kintampo (9.7%), Techiman (9.3%) and Nkoranza (9.2%). Dormaa (6.7%) and Berekum (6.4%) have the lowest percentages of spouses in households in the region.
Grand children (7.4%) form the next highest proportion among the different cateories of the relatives of heads of household; it accounts for more than 7.0 per cent of household members in seven of the 13 districts compared with Kintampo (4.8%), Atebubu (4.7%) and Sene (4.5%). There are at least 2.0 per cent of non-relatives in households in each of the 13 districts in the region. The household composition and structure in the region indicate that the traditional family structure still exists in the region.
More than half (57.6%) of the population aged 15 years and older in the region are in marital union. Nearly a third have also never married.
Proportions for females who are married or in loose union in the region are more than the corresponding proportions for males. The proportion for the never married males is significantly higher by 15.8 per cent than that of the females, while the proportion of females who have been in union before (14.6%), is higher than the proportion of males (5.6%) in that category. The same picture can be observed in all districts in the region.
The high proportion of females in this category (divorced, widowed, separated) may be due to several factors, including the fact that polygamous males who divorce one wife are still recorded as married and that males who are divorced or widowed are more likely than females to remarry.
Sunyani, Dormaa and Berekum, all major urbanized districts, have the lowest proportions of the married, with Kintampo, Atebubu and Sene having the highest proportions for both sexes. As explained earlier, urbanisation and educational level, which are linked to mean age of first marriage, may be the reasons for the differences in marital status for the districts. More than two out of five persons of the population in four districts, Sunyani, Jaman, Berekum and Techiman, have never married.
The data further show that the marital status pattern for females and males in all the districts follow the same pattern as those for the region.