The sovereign State of Ghana is a unitary republic consisting of those territories comprised in the regions which, immediately before the coming into force of this Constitution, existed in Ghana including the territorial sea and the air space. Parliament may by law provide for the delimitation of the territorial sea, the contiguous zone, the exclusive economic zone and the continental shelf of Ghana. Subject to the provisions of this article, the President may by constitutional instrument.
If the President, upon a petition being presented to him and on the advice of the Council of State, is satisfied that there is a substantial demand for -
- the creation of a new region
- the alteration of the boundaries of a region, whether or not the alteration involves the creation of a new region; or
- the merger of any two or more regions; he shall, acting in accordance with the advice of the Council of State, appoint a commission of inquiry to inquire into the demand and to make recommendations on all the factors involved in the creation, alteration or merger.
If, notwithstanding that a petition has not been presented to him, the President is, on the advice of the Council of State, satisfied that the need has arisen for taking any of the steps referred to in paragraphs and of clause of this article, he may, acting in accordance with the advice of the Council of State, appoint a commission of inquiry to inquire into the need and to make recommendations on all the factors involved in the creation, alteration or merger. Where a commission of inquiry appointed under clause or of this article finds that there is the need and a substantial demand for the creation, alteration or merger referred to in either of those clauses, it shall recommend to the President that a referendum be held, specifying the issues to be determined by the referendum and the places where the referendum should be held.
The President shall refer the recommendations to the Electoral Commission, and the referendum shall be held in a manner prescribed by the Electoral Commission. An issue referred for determination by referendum under clauses and shall not be taken to be determined by the referendum unless at least fifty per cent of the persons entitled to vote cast their votes at the referendum, and of the votes cast at least eighty per cent were cast in favour of that issue. political activity of any person or any class of persons, or persons generally is unlawful.
Where a referendum involves the merger of two or more regions, the issue shall not be taken to be determined unless at least sixty per cent of the persons entitled to vote at the referendum in each such region voted in favour of the merger of the two or more region; and according, clause of this article shall not apply to the referendum. The President shall, under clause of this article, and acting in accordance with the results of the referendum held under clauses and of this article, issue a constitutional instrument giving effect, or enabling effect to be given, to the results.