festival is celebrated by many ethnic groups in Northern Ghana. The Festival is of Muslim origin. However, it is not Muslim alone who join in the celebration of this festival. The festival is celebrated to originally linked Islam to mark the birth of Prophet Mohammed.
It is also celebrated to honour the heroes of the people, through praises, singing in the compound of the chief of the village or town.
is mostly celebrated in the month of June/July. The festival is believed to be celebrated to mark the birth day and the naming ceremony of Prophet Mohammed.
"Somo" is celebrated to mark the birth day of the Prophet Mohammed while "Naa" is celebrated to mark his naming ceremony.
Mode and Celebration
Traditionally, the celebration of the Festival starts on the first day that the moon is seen in the month that has been chosen for the celebration.
In the night, there will be singing of praises, singing, drumming and dancing at the chiefs palace. is a period of rest and merry making.
During the celebration, the ceremonial bull is slaughtered and used for the performance of rituals. A system called "rice picking" where some quantity of rice is cleansed for ceremonial purpose is also done.
Aside, after the first part that is the "Somo" (The birth day), praises, singing stop until six (6) days later when the "Naa"
(Naming Ceremony) is celebrated.
On this occasion, there is much merry making and all sub-chiefs and elders assemble at the chiefs palace to pay their homage. Prince, princesses, rich men and everybody is richly and decently dressed customary to grace the occasion. The rich and chiefs ride on their decorated horses amidst drumming and dancing in all parts of the town or village.
Finally, among the towns which celebrate the festival include; the chiefs and people of Dagbon, Gonjaland, Mamprusiland, Nanumbaland and Walaland.