The climate is tropical equatorial, which prevails through out the northern part of Ghana. Temperatures are high all-year, ranging between 15cº-45cº. The temperatures are lowest in December/January, while the highest occur in March /April. The average annual and average monthly temperatures are 21cº and 38cº respectively.
The Harmattan, characterized by cold, dry dusty wind with occasional haze occurs between November to April yearly. The district has a single rainfall regime from May-October. The average annual rainfall is about 1,200mm/year and they are torrential, erratic and stormy. The single rainfall regime does not make farming all year round possible.
Most farmers therefore become redundant during the long dry season, from November to May. There is therefore the need for irrigation facilities in the district to provide employment opportunities during this period.
The vegetation is guinea savanna, depicted by isolated woodlands, short thick trees, shrubs and grasses of varying heights. The common economic trees in the district include sheanut, baobab, kapok, dawadawa, acacia, neem and ebony, mangoes, cashew and acheaple. Over 30% of the natural vegetation has been destroyed by annual bush burning, inappropriate farming practices, indiscriminate cutting of trees for wood, charcoal and poor animal husbandry practices. The consequence of these human practices is that the district is faced with a serious problem of environmental degradation.
As a measure to address this problem, The Friends of the Environment in Agro-Forestry, an NGO has initiated a project aimed at promoting tree-planting by individuals and organizations in the district.