The types of rock that underlaid the district include the Birimanian granite and the basement complex. These rocks hold considerable amount of water, implying that boreholes and hand dug wells can easily be sunk to make water available for domestic and other purposes.
There are various kinds of soils in the district that support plant growth. The main types of soils in the district include the savanna ochrosols, the tropical brown earth and the terrace soils. The savanna ochrosols are generally poor in organic matter and nutrient.