There are 195 Communities that are unevenly spread in the District. Settlement pattern in these Communities is the dispersed type. In terms of hierarchy according to population size only 3 settlements have populations above 3000, 31 communities have populations ranging 1000-3000 and 101 communities have populations below 1000 people.
In terms of spatial distribution of socio economic infrastructure an analysis of both the aggregate and optimum accessibility for existing socio economic facilities and services shows most of the facilities have low surface accessibility figures, an indication of uneven spatial distribution.
These relate to water and sanitation, health, Agricultural Extension, Marketing, post and Telecommunication, Banking Justice and security and secondary education. The space Economy is principally made of Agriculture which consists of the production of mainly subsistence crops and a few cash crops. About 70% of the people in the District are engaged in this sector.
Small scale industrialization also contributes significantly to the space economy both in output and employment generation. These are mainly in the areas of Automobile (motorcycle) repairs, bicycle repairs and vulcanizing.
The textile industry, consisting of batik, tie and dye, smock weaving and dress making, pottery and the construction industries also play significant roles in the economic activities of the people. A few tourist attractions exist in the District. These consist of the old slave market of Senebaga and the Woriyanga mosque which is believed to be one of the oldest in the country.
In terms of trade there are two main destinations; first to big towns mostly outside the Region like Kumasi, Techiman and Tamale and also to neighbouring countries like Togo and Burikina Faso. Goods like plantain, yams, salt, cola and fruits and a variety of industrial products are received from the big towns in Ghana. Onions, Cattle, sheanut, cashew, are sent to the Ghanaian Towns while potatoes, soya beans, millet and maize are sent to the neighbouring countries.
The second destinations of goods in the District are to neighbouring Districts, like Bawku Municipal, Bawku West and East Mamprusi. Foodstuffs and industrial products are traded between the District and these other Districts. The result of all the above spatial Analysis reveals the following poverty pockets in the District.
* All the communities in the Kpikpira Area council
* Kugri and Denugu Area council communities. In all these area surface accessibility to socio-economic facilities are particularly poor. There areas also have poor soils and are oncho-freed zones.