The district has been endowed with very rich natural and human resources. Preliminary work carried out in the district indicates that Builsa abounds in large quantities of several mineral deposits including gold, chromite, rutile, jasper, talc, lime, feldspar, nepheline, syenite and various types of clay. In particular, clay is found around Wiaga, Sandema and Fumbisi. These deposits could be exploited for the development of the pottery, ceramics and paint industries. Bricks and tiles projects also have potentials in the district and a wide range of brick products such as building bricks, vitrified enamel bricks and floor tiles could be produced.
Various quantities of gold deposits have been discovered in areas around Kaema and Chansa, which are currently being explored by a company known as SAMAX. Bachonsa and its surrounding areas are also reported to have some gold deposits. There are excellent exposures of granitic rocks in several parts of the district around Chuchuliga. These can easily be quarried for use as road metals and as building stones. Some of these rocks have fine crevices and can be shaped into ornamental and design blocks for use in housing construction. Detailed exploratory work, including mineralogical tests are being planned to determine the actual quality and quantity of mineral deposits available for industrial use in the district.
Smock weaving has a long tradition in the area and can be promoted in the major settlements of the Builsa District through credit support for small scale informal producers, large scale cotton cultivation and the acquisition of textile inputs like borad loom and vanes. The weaving of straw or grass for mats, bags and baskets also has a long history in the area and the district in fact, has a comparative cost advantage due to the abundance of the raw material base and well-established weaving skills.
Tanning and leather ware is another promising small scale industrial activity in the area due to the district’s great potential in cattle and hide production. Builsa District produces large quantities of both sheanuts and groundnuts, most of which are exported in the raw state with only small quantities processed into oil using crude methods.
Large scale processing of the nuts would yeild high value-added from the products and meet the existing high market demand for edible oil both in the outside the country. This industry also has a strong linkage effect with the cosmetic and soap industries. The district has 17 dams and dug-outs, which are used, in part, for dry season vegetable production.
Fumbisi Rice Valleys
The well-known Fumbisi valleys consist of a vast tract of land that stretches from southern Fumbisi and Uwasi to Wiesi and Gbedembilisi at the confluence of the Sissili and Kulpawn rivers. The zone has mostly alluvia soils developed from recent and old alluvium of mixed origin as well as those developed on very old river terraces. Tanchera Association of soils developed on parent granite and Volta-lima, developed on Voltaian shale are also found in the area. These groups of soils are the best agricultural lands of the district and are suitable for mechanized farming and cultivation of a wide range of arable crops. It has the potential of offering land for large-scale rice farming and it is believed that about a third of the total rice produced in the country is from the valleys. There are two of such fields in the district, namely; the Gbedembilisi rice fields and the Wiesi rice fields.
Gbedembilisi Rice Valley
It is one of the largest rain-fed rice valleys in the country covering a total land area of over 900 acres. In 2008, about 715.5 acres of rice field was cultivated by 623 farmers resulting in a yield of 5837 metric tons of rice. This high production is against the backdrop that these fields lack modern facilities for yield improvement and post harvest management.
The Gbedembilisi field is the larger of the two fields, covering a total land area of over This field holds a tremendous economic potential and a strategic investor is urgently needed to ensure that the enormous potential held by this field is fully maximised. There exists a high demand for quality rice both locally and internationally. The bran produced as a by-product of rice milling is also in high demand for the buoyant livestock industry locally and nationally. The district Assembly through the district MOFA offices is ready to embrace prospective investors to tap this resource for mutual benefit.
The potential of this resource include the following
- Employment creation
- Income generation
- Foreign exchange
Wiesi Rice Fields
Wiesi is about 39km from Sandema. The Wiesi Rice fields is the smaller of the two rice valleys in the district. It has about 412 acre total cultivated land area and just like the Gbedembilisi fields, this field is normally cultivated by groups of farmers. In 2007, there was no rice cultivation in the field due to flooding. A comprehensive drainage system would solve this issue of flooding.
Livestock and Poultry Development
The Climate and Vegetation of the Builsa District favours Livestock Production. As stated earlier, livestock and poultry production has been practiced by Builsans for a very long time. The climate and vegetation supports the high production of livestock and poultry. There exist large tracts of land that could be used to cultivate animal’s feed. Also, feeding could be obtained from residue of rice milling and the leaves of Sorghum.
The district produces huge amounts of livestock especially, cattle, sheep and goats. On market days, traders from south come and buy many of the district’s livestock. The citing of a commercial livestock farm to produce meat and milk for local consumption and export would be very viable. There is also a national demand for poultry products. Chickens, guinea fowls and ducks have been the most popular poultry produced in the district.
Dry season irrigation gardening for vegetables such as onions, tomatoes, pepper and garden eggs has great potentials. Buils District’s environment is very conducive for cattle, donkey, sheep, goat, guinea fowl and ordinary poultry rearing, because of comparative cost advantages, which guarantee high returns on investment. The district offers fertile land for large scale rice farming and the District Assembly is working hard to promote private production. In 1998 alone, I voted ¢24 million to assist farmers in the district to cultivate rice and this has yielded very good returns.
NATURAL RESOURCES DEVELOPMENT
Varied quantities of gold deposits have been discovered in areas around Kandema and Chansa. It is reported that the gold deposits occur within the Bianya Association of soils in the area and are found in a seam of quartz gravel and stones embedded in 30cm of iron and manganese concretion in the sub-soil. From 2005, Rangold Resources Limited of the United Kingdom has been carrying out exploratory activities in the Builsa District. The Company has acquired an area of 886.05 sq. Km of the total land area of the District for gold prospecting and an early report indicates quite a high success rate. Bachonsa and its surrounding areas were also reported to have some amount of gold deposits. This has increased ‘galamsey’ activities in these areas.
Granite constitutes the dominant geological formation in the District and covers over 70% (approx. 153, 300 ha) of the land area. Excellent exposures of granitic rocks are found in the northern parts of the district, stretching from Chuchuliga zone across Sandema to Bachonsa area. These rocks can easily be quarried for road and housing construction. Some of these rocks have fine crevices and can be shaped into ornamental and design blocks. It is important to note that a detailed mineralogical test is required to establish the actual quantity and quality of the various mineral deposits in the district for industrial use.
It is known that several of the Soil Associations found in the district have large quantities of good quality clay deposits. In particular, the Pusiga Association of soils found in and around Wiaga has large amounts of fine, sandy clays at depths of 30-35cm below the topsoil up to over 120cm of the sub-soil. Clay is also found in Sandema, Fumbisi, Kadema and Gbedembilisi. These clay deposits can be exploited for the development of the pottery, ceramics and paint industries. Bricks and Tiles projects also have potential in the District and a wide range of brick products such as building bricks; vitrified enamel bricks and floor tiles could be produced from the kind of clay we have here.