Water pollution is caused mostly by badly sited sanitary facilities such as septic tanks, pit latrines and trenching grounds. Agro chemicals used by farmers who farm along the banks of water bodies also pollute the water, which in most cases are sources of drinking water. This problem can be controlled through public education and promulgation and enforcement of public health laws.
Land is degraded in the district as a result of sand and gravel winning, flooding and erosion of communities during raining season. Deep crevices which serves as breeding ground for mosquitoes are found in communities such as Toklokpo, Hlevi, Alesikpe, Dabala Junction, Gbenorkope just to mention a few.
The development of aquatic weeds has been enhanced by the stoppage of the annual scourging by floods as a result of the construction of the dam. It covers about 40% of the river surface at certain periods of the year. To manage the aquatic weeds calls for public education and constant surveys of the Volta system to assess and map out the weeds cover. An integrated weed management using physical and mechanical, chemical (herbicidal) and biological control methods or a combination of methods where appropriate should be adopted. Organic compost could be produced from the riverweeds.
The district has a cattle population of about 2 million. Grazing of this number of cattle has depleted the land cover since no conscious efforts are made to develop the grazing fields. Forestation programme should be put in place to prevent desertification.