The Nchumurus are the traditional custodians of the land making up the District. They are part of the Guans that speak a similar language as the Krachi. They pay allegiance to a paramouncy situated at Burae. The Burae chief is the traditional leader of the indigenes and rules the entire District with support from sub-chiefs (Odikro) who reside in the communities acting on his behalf. These chiefs are usually appointed by him. The Nchumurus are traditionally farmers who reside in the larger communities like Dambai and Tokuroano.
They are further divided into clans with recognized clan heads. These heads play various roles in mobilizing their people for special functions. Among the various clans, there is no established structure or hierarchy and this often lead to confusion as to who among the numerous clan heads, one should pay homage on a visit to a particular community. There is high communal spirit among members of a particular clan in occasions such as funeral performance but the same is yet to be seen in terms of communal labour on self-help projects.
Other ethnic groups in the District include Ewes, Konkombas, Bassare, Grumah, Akan among others. Ethnic diversity in the District unlike other areas does not pose threats to peace and security as each group sees the other as neighbours. This is largely due to the ease with which productive resources such as land is easily acquired without any restriction and the receptive and hospital nature of the Nchumurus.
Major celebrations that bring the people from all the country to their traditional homes include funerals and festivals such as yam festival. These celebrations could be used to raise funds to support major development efforts in the District. They also contain beautiful events which when well documented and disseminated could attract tourist from all over the world.
The traditional knowledge of the local people includes weaving (nets, fans, mats etc), pottery and hunting.
This discusses the spatial organization of human settlement systems as well as the functionalities of the settlements in the District. It deals specifically with the number, type and distribution of facilities and services within the District. An attempt is also made here to assess the adequacy of essential facilities and ascertaining areas of deprivation.
Settlement Functional Matrix Analysis (Scalogram Analysis)
The Scalogram Analysis was adopted here to identify the presence or absence of essential services and facilities within the District. This is a non-statistical tool that arrays facilities and service by their ubiquity and ranks settlements by functional complexity on a matrix. By this, the settlements were ranked based on the different types of facilities available. The distribution of these facilities is presented on a settlement functional matrix .
The construction of the settlement functionality matrix started with the arrangement of the settlement in descending order according to their population. The next step was to determine a cut off point as all settlements in the District could not be considered in the settlement functional matrix. This cut off point was set at settlements with a population of 500 people and above as it was observed that all settlement with a population less