The major soils found in the district include the Techiman Association, mainly sandy soil found in the north, Kplesawgu Association (sandy clay soil) in the mid portions and southern tip, and the Dormabin-Dentesso Association (silty sand) found around Dormabin.
It was discovered that no soil management practice is being practiced in the district. This coupled with continuous cultivation resulted to wide spread loss of soil fertility in most parts of the district.
These soil types described above is good for the cultivation of both cash and food crops such as maize, millet, groundnut, as well as roots and tubers such as cassava and yam.
The soils along the river banks support large scale rice farming and those at south eastern tip support cocoa cultivation.
Few patches of clay soil were also discovered around Asukawkaw area and that could be very useful for development of the pottery industry that could serve as an alternative source of livelihood to farmers especially during the dry seasons.