The most conspicuous physical features of the district are the Akwapim- Togo-Atakora ranges which is at the eastern corridor between Ho and Kpando Districts. The district is dotted with scattered hills and ranges of varied length and height resulting in an undulating feature of the district.
The major hills are Anfoega, Awate, Botoku and Wusuta. The highest point in the district is 1,250 ft and is located along the Volta Lake around Awate and Botoku. The hilly nature of the district generally affects the condition of the road and therefore results in increase in the cost of maintenance.
The fact that most of the roads are not tarred increase the degree of erosion that seriously affect the condition of these roads and residential buildings during raining seasons.
This implies that during this time the cost of transportation for the people along the affected roads increases putting untold hardship to the already impoverished communities. Not only does the topography affect the condition of the road but also the agriculture productivity of the area.
Again the hilly nature of most places throughout the district denied the people access to cultivable land and also impedes large-scale mechanised farming. The end result is small land holding which result to subsistence farming with low income.
The Volta Lake and the River Dayi are the major water bodies that drain the district. There are however, other numerous streams and rivulets that can be found throughout the district but these are perennial. The Volta Lake runs virtually along the whole of the western boundary while the Dayi River is to the east and its basin provides a prime farming land for the cultivation of a variety of food crop and vegetables.
The presence of these water bodies are great potentials for irrigation development which can support all year round farming and thus creating employment opportunities for the youth. The lake is also a big potential for the design of a water supply scheme to many communities faced with access to good water.
The tourism and the fishing industries are the other areas where the lake can be harnessed to the benefit of the entire population. When this are properly harnessed it could in the long term contribute to the increase in household income.