Agriculture is the leading employer of the district’s labour. It is estimated that over 70% of the population depend largely on subsistence farming with an average land holding of less than an acre per person. As a leading employer, agriculture constitutes the main source of income for the people.
The major cash crops produced in the district are: cocoa, oil palm, coffee and citrus. The district was one time a major producer of cocoa. In recent times, government has provided impetus for revamping the cocoa industry which many young men have taken advantage of and are either rehabilitating old farms or cultivating new ones. This has created an avenue for employment and it is expected to increase the district’s share of Ghana’s cocoa output.
The major areas of maximum production of cocoa are in the forest zones of Ayoma, Kute, Baglo, Awoma, Alma, Kute, Kudje, Bodada, Nsuta, Jasikan and Bowiri.
Food crops are cultivated for domestic consumption and also for export outside the district. The major food crops produced are maize, cassava, sweet potatoes, rice, cocoyam, plantain, banana and vegetables. The areas of maximum production of these crops. Refer to table of Average Production Level for some selected Crops for 2001in pdf file below.
Fishing activities playa very important economic role in the livelihood of the people in the district. This activity is highly concentrated along the Volta Lake and accounts for the growth of towns like Kwamekrom, Abotoaseand other smaller towns.
Fishing on the lake continues to depend on the traditional technology with its attendance risk. Fishermen depend on the use of inland canoes for their operations.
Over the years, the industry has suffered sharp decline in production with attendant high cost of fish. Since fish is a major source of protein and employment, this calls for a concerted policy to protect the fishing industry on the lake. The market for the fish catch extends beyond the boundaries of the district. There is the potential for improving on storage and processing facilities. Aquaculture is virtually non-existing though the potential exists .
The livestock sector in the district is characterized by rearing of cattle, goats, pigs, sheep and poultry. Apart from the cattle, there are other small ruminants that are kept on large scale. The cattle population is estimated at 3000.
Dams and Dug-Outs
There is no single dam or dugout in the district to support agriculture development. To boost agricultural productivity and create employment for the youth, the District Assembly in 2002 commissioned the Volta Regional office of the Irrigation Development Authority (IDA) to undertake a feasibility study on the irrigation potentials of the district.