The district is predominantly rural with population between 200 – 500 people in small settlements scattered all over the district. A total of 76,463 of the population, representing about 86% (2000) are located in rural communities.
The current projected population of the district using 2.7% annual rate of growth in the 2000 Population and Housing Census Special Report of 88,910 is 101,760. The ratio of male to female 49.4 to 50.6 and the population is basically youthful with about 52.1% between (0-18) years.
The Religious composition of the district largely gives an indication of ethnicity especially with the dominant groups. Whilst Nanumbas are predominantly Moslems, Konkombas are largely Christians and atheist.
Migration and development implication
Nanumba North district is endowed with fertile soils serving as a magnet drawing people into the district especially the Konkombas. People come into the district to make yam farms during the rainy season. Often, when one goes round the district settlements spring up indiscriminately without recourse to any authority.
Internal migration too is very typical of the district in that the shifting cultivation system of farming practiced here makes people move from one place to the other. This trend of movement of people tends to put a lot of pressure on facilities provided in communities, which receive people whilst some facilities are abandoned when people move away from that community.