The district has vast tracts of land suitable for cultivation of a wide variety of crops such as millet, sorghum, groundnuts, cowpea, Bambara beans and maize. Importantly swamp lands well suited for the large scale cultivation of rice exist along valleys and on the banks of streams around Gbingbani, Gbintiri and Langbinsi. Other crops that tend to thrive very well in the district include cotton, potatoes, Soya beans and cashew.
These crops have shown a great deal of potentials in recent years, in terms of productivity especially when cultivated using modern farming techniques. Although agriculture remains East Mamprusi District’s main economic activity, the bulk of production is carried out by small-scale farmers, whose holdings vary from one hectare to about 20 hectares. The small sizes of many farms and the fact that there is excessive reliance on rainfall, which is sometimes unpredictable, limits the yields of farmers considerably.
Therefore, investments in irrigation through dug-outs and dams would be very viable, especially during the long dry season, since underground water exists in abundance. This would significantly raise yields and consequently sales revenue from farm produce. Livestock reared in the district include cattle, sheep, goats and pigs.
There are vast tracts of unutilized grazing land, well suited to this purpose, which can support large scale livestock grazing.Mineral resources with economic value exist in the district. Limestone and dolomite deposit have been discovered at Gbandaa, and these are found in commercial quantities.
It is estimated that about 15 million metric tones of good quality limestone and between 20 to 30 million metric tones of dolomite, suitable for the production of cement and quick-lime exist in the district. Lots of potentials also exist in the industrial sector, especially in the processing of agricultural produce such as groundnuts and the extraction of shea butter. Sheanuts trees are found in commercial quantities in the district.
Current sheanut extraction is dominated by women’s group using local technologies and processing on very small scale. Considering the quantum of the basic inputs available in the district however, industrial investors going into shea butter extraction stand to enjoy immense economic of scale.