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dermographic characteristics


Population Size and Growth

It can be seen from the table below that the population of the district continues to increase. The female population is increasing at an increasing rate while the male population is increasing at a decreasing rate.  Continuous increase in the population for the various censal years is likely to attract entrepreneurs and investors since population increase will lead to an increase in human resource and labour.

Trend of Growth Rate
The intercensal growth rates have been on the rise between the various censal periods. Where as the population growth rates have been rising for both the district and the national. The pattern is illustrated in the table below.  Increase in growth rate could be attributed to the mining activities in the district. From the socio-economic survey conducted, the net migration for the district for a year is 80 (4.2%). The natural increase figure for the district is 15 as against the national figure of 15 (Source: Population Reference Bureau/ Data Finder – Ghana, 2004). The figure being positive has the tendency to cause a steady rise in the population of the district with time.

 Age and Sex Distribution
The population structures (pyramid) in figure 3.2 shows the age and sex structure of the district.  The population of the district has been grouped into the various broad groups in the table 4.2. From the table, 0-14 constitutes children, 15-64 the working age and the 65+ constitutes the aged. From the table, it could be seen that the children constitutes 38.5%, 58.5 % for the working age group and 3.0% fall within the aged group.

From table 1.12 and figure 1.0, the working population group is larger than the combined child and aged population of the district. This active group if given enough capacity building can be an instrument of development to the economy of the district. The size of the district is 73 sq.km and that of the national (Ghana) is 238,537 sq.km.  It is realized that the population density growth rate of 3.1% (2000-2005) for the district is greater than the national rate of 2.6% (2000-2005). Therefore, this increase in the density will put pressure on the available natural resources and some of the agricultural lands will be turned into residential uses.

Rural/Urban Split
The rural settlements account for 63%. And the implication here is that the district is basically rural; therefore agriculture can be used as a development focus in order to reduce poverty in the district. Out of 101 major settlements (population of 70 and above), the district has  three (3) urban centers ; Bibiani, Sefwi Bekwai and Awaso. These three towns account for 37% of the total population in the district with the district capital covering 22.1%.  The table below shows the split of urban and rural areas for the BAB district.

The population of the district is considered rural. Therefore development policies for the district should be rural centered, not to the neglect of the urban areas.  Below also is the population, the size and the population density covered by both the rural areas and the urban areas in the district.  Rural population density does not differ greatly from urban population density. That is, 138 sq.km and 139 sq.km respectively. Population is evenly distributed between rural and urban areas.

Dependency Ratio
From the socio- economic survey conducted the age dependency ratio for the district is 1:0.7. This means that 100 persons in the active population group are being depended on by 70 persons in the inactive population group. The working population group is not over burdened since one person in the active group takes care of himself and another person in the inactive group.

Migration.
From the survey, the in-migrant was 161 people constituting 8.5 % of the sample population out of which 75 (4%) were from the communities within the district and 86 (4.5) were from outside the district.  The out-migrant constituted 4.3% and the in-migrant represented 8.5% in the district. The net migration which is the difference between the out- migrant and the in-migrant is then calculated to be 4.2%.A net migration of 4.2% gives an indication that; in-migration outweighs out-migration and can be attributed to the following reasons:    
  • That the district is one of the dominant areas in the country noted for cocoa cultivation and as such people locate themselves there to engage in this farming activity.
  • Again the area is much endowed with mineral resources and these also attract people to the district. However, the situation if not controlled can adversely affect the existing social amenities in the district.
Natural Increase
The total number of births in the district is 3,329 and the birth rate is 27 births per 1000 as against the national birth rate of 26 births per 1000.  The fertile group in the district is 32,074 persons and the fertility rate is 10.4 as against the national rate of 5.5 children per woman. (Source: Population Reference Bureau/ Data Finder – Ghana, 2004).  The total number death for the past one year is 1472 and the death rate is 12 deaths per 1000 as against the national rate of 11 deaths per 1000. (Source: Population Reference Bureau/ Data Finder – Ghana, 2004). The natural increase for the past one year was 15.  The figure being positive has the tendency to cause a steady rise in the population of the district with time.

Ethnicity and Religion.
The district is homogenously dominated by the Akan with a percentage of 79.4%.  The remaining percentage is shared among ewes (12.7), and northerners (7.9).  The major religion in the community is Christianity which takes 88.7% of the population. The
others are Muslims (7.5%) and traditional religion (3.8%).The large number of Christians can enhance the mobilization of funds among the Christian fraternity to support development projects such as schools. This situation implies that implementation of development projects would not encounter any hindrances since the district is dominated by different tribes. This is because labour will be available for any development project and more development projects will be provided to the district because of different cultural backgrounds of the people.

Population Management
From the socio-economic survey conducted, it shows that 90% of the people in the district are aware of the family planning methods. It can be deduced from the above that though awareness rate is high (90%), majority do not use the methods (69.3%) and  therefore attitudinal change with regards to birth control is poor and the current growth rate will likely be maintained with time.  Below in pdf file are the percentages of the methods adopted:

USAGE OF METHODS
  • Condoms------------16%
  • Pills       ----------------9%
  • Withdrawals----------2%
  • Injectable ----------3.5%
  • IUD ------------------0.2%
For tables refer to pdf file



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