The total population of a country, region or district to influence by births, deaths and migration. Adansi South District was created in 1988 and formed part of the larger Adansi Local Council during the 1984 population census and recently was part of Adansi East District. The district total population is estimated at 98,437 (Adansi South Data Base, 2006)
Population Size and Growth Rates
According to the Adansi South District Data Base, the total population for the district is 98,526 in 2006. The estimated total population for 1996 was 71,568. According to the 1984 and 2000 population and Housing Census the district estimated population has 49,239 and 79,936 respectively. The growth rate for the district is 3.5 percent which is higher than the regional growth rate of 3.4 percent national growth rate of 2.7 for 2000 population and Housing Census. The district share of the total population of Ashanti Region is 2.5 percent (200 population and housing census)
The 2006 data base give a population density of 110.4 persons per 59km. While this may indicate great pressure of population on land, the same cannot be said of pressure on resource or what the land can generate. The implication therefore, suggest smaller kind size per person if the economy continues to be ……, because about 177.5 km representing 19.9 precent of its land is forest rescue. The situation has further been affected by large track of land under cocoa and oil palm cultivation. ….. the current district population density with that of 1984 figure of 56.7 it can be said that the district would experience smaller land size per person in the next few years. The fertile land and ….. eco-climate may explain the …… of high immigration.
Generally, the settlement pattern of the District exhibits rural characteristics with ….and …… patterns of development, which is ….. in Ashanti Region. Most of the house are built with ….. wattle and dauber mild. Some few towns including, New Edubiase, the district capital, Atobiase and Apagya have …. That are of ……. Type and permanent inform. The district has a lot of immigrant farmers from other parts of the country. These immigrants prefer to settle in individual places and thus reading to several smaller communities.
The total number Of communities according to the District Data base 2006 is estimated at 1,767 with a total number of houses of about 17,032. Settlements, which command many service centres and hence greater sphere of influence and functionality include New Edubiase, Apagya, Adansi Praso and Akrofuom.
Interestingly, four (4) of these settlements are located on along the Kumasi – Cape-coast trunk need excent Akrofuom, thus emphasizing the importance of transportation networks and the growth and development of human settlements and economic activities. The district’s data base shows that 53,705 representing 57.4 percent of the total population have in 23 of the 1,767 communities. The indicates that the settlement attern is fairly distributed.
Household Size / Characteristics
The district data (2006) base gives the average household size of 4.6. These compared with the average household size of 5.2 in 2000 indicates a decline in household size in the district. The predominant household heads are men.
The main religious grouping in the district are Christianity, Islam and the traditional. Christianity is document, with over two-thirds of the population clainning affliation with Christian faith followed by Islam and Traditional religion.
The 2000 population distribution for the district indicates that children from 0-14 years constitute 47.0% whiles this above 65 years from 3.0%. In the 2006, the district data base indicates 0-14 years constitute 48%
Source: …. Based on male: Female ratio of 50.6% and 494% using 2006 District Data base population figures. The faithful population has implication for future job creation and the provision of social and economic infrastructure facilities to support them. However, they constitute a potential labour force for the district, which of properly …… will become an important human resource.
The district data base gives a Male population of 49,810 and female population of 48,627. These means that there are more males in the district than Females the males – female population ratio for the district is 50.6% and 49.4%.
The District data base indicates that the labour for 15 – 64 (Table …..) are about 48,235 and constitute about half of the total district population of 98,437. This age group together with 0 – 14 age group would constitute a potential labour force for the district in future of properly harresed.
Available information from the District Ministry of food and Agriculture (MOFA) indicates that most of the economically active people are in some form of agricultural activity. Table ….. indicates the estimated population distribution by economic activities. Indeed, the trend has not changed size 1996.
As a predominants farming area, the district is a net recover of migrants. Annually, a large number of people migrate with the district to do farming. These Migrant farmers therefore constitute a large proportion of the population. Available information indicates that the migrants constitute about 45% of the total district population. Among these migrants, Ewes are in the majority constituting 55% followed by Fanties. Others are Ga – Adangbes, Akwapims and Northerners. These migrants are engaged in very productive activities yet their contribution to the development of the communities resided by the migrants do not have permanent housing structures. They prefer immorable property in their areas even though a lot of them have spent great part of their lifetime in the district.
Rural – Urban Split
During the 2000 population centus the rural population was 63,895 representing 9.9 percent of the population. Accordingly the District Data base 2006 the rural population totaled 76,905 representing 78.1 while the urban population wa 21,532. Thus the current rural urban split for the district is 78.1 to 21.9%.
The youthful nature and relatively high growth rate of the population (2.8) call for pragmatic planning that …… favour of the youth. The Agranain nature of the district due to favourable climatic condition implies it would continue to be a net receiver of migrants into the agrailture sector. As the population continues to increase, there is the need for the introduction of appropriate farming practices so that unnecessary stress is not brought to bear on the land.
Analysis of Current Situation
The Adansi South District is one of the 21 districts in the Ashanti Region of Ghana. The district lies within latitude 40” North and 6 degress 22” North and longtitude 1 degree West and 1 degree 38 West. It is on the Southern part of the region. Other districts in the region that share boundaries with it are Obuasi Municipal and Adansi North districts to the North East respectively.
The district also shares boundaries with Assin district to the South and to the East by Birim North and South districts of the Eastern Region. The district has a total land representing an area of 899 sp.km approximately 4% of the total area of the Ashanti region. About 24% (334.5sq km) of this total area is made up of forest reserves.
Refer to pdf file for tables.