Summary of Key Development Problems/Issues/GapsIntroduction
The key development problems, issues and gaps of the city profile presented in chapter one has been summarized under the three thematic areas. It defines the problems/issues/gaps, community needs and aspirations and demands of the private sector for all the thematic areas covered in the profile.
In addition, the data has been analyzed in terms of potentials, opportunities, constraints and challenges.Private Sector Competitiveness
Human Resource Development
- Low capital base of micro and medium scale enterprises
- Low levels of income
- High rate of youth unemployment
- Slow growth of the informal sector
- Dormant micro tourism industry
- High unpaved road length
- Missing links in road network
- Inadequate arable land areas.
- Lack of technical know-how in non-traditional agriculture
- Improper use of agro-chemicals in the metropolis.
- Insufficient funds for human resource development and monitoring.
- Over-loading at the primary transformer stations.
- Unreliable power supply.
- Periodic shortage of critical materials for energy supply.
- High number of un-metred premises.
- High cost of domestic fuel.
- Environmental pollution resulting from charcoal burning.
- Lack of adequate information on trade, industry, and tourism in the metropolis.
- Low patronage of DMHIS
- Traffic congestion
- Inadequate parking spaces
- Over dependency on CBD for commercial activities
Good Governance and Civic Responsibility
- Decreasing arable land in the Metropolis
- Encroachment on open spaces and community right of space
- Lack of updated survey maps
- High rate of population growth
- Development precedes utility service provision
- Weak institutional linkage between industry and education
- Low preschool Participation
- High non-participation rate at Basic school level
- Shortfall in classroom provision at preschool level
- Noise pollution
- Deficit in Basic school level infrastructural provision of classrooms
- High exodus of health professionals
- High Prevalence of HIV/AIDS
- Low capacity of water provision and distribution
- Poor environmental sanitation practices
- Population growth rate outstrips growth rate of housing supply
- Child labour /abuse
- High rate of slum development
- Weak coordination among utility service providers (eg GT, ECG, GWSC)
- Occasional flooding due to the fact that developers have built in waterways.
- Sub-standard constructional materials are used in building by developers.
- Frequent fire outbreaks due to poor wiring.
- Difficulty in accessing land.
- Lack of adequate skills in ICT.
Key to scores
- Inadequate equipment and logistics for effective management of development
- Low contribution of IGF to total revenue
- Over reliance on grants for development
- Weak assembly substructures and lack of basic infrastructure for effective work
- Low women participation in political/ governance issues.
- Lack of intra and internet services to enhance easy access to information.
- Insufficient skills in ICT programmes on the part of staff.
Very strong linkage with harmonized development problems -3
Strong linkage with harmonized development problems -2
Weak Linkage with harmonized development problems -1
No linkage with harmonized development problems -0
From the Table 42, the total score (266) divided by the No. of community needs (35) gives an average score of (7.6) This indicates that there is a strong harmony of community needs and aspirations and identified key development gaps/problems/issues.Linking Harmonized Identified Development Problems/Issues/Gaps to the Growth and Poverty Reduction Strategy (GPRS II)
After harmonising community needs and aspirations with key development problems/issues/gaps of the Ghana Poverty Reduction Strategy (GPRS 1), it became necessary to link the harmonised identified development problems/issues/gaps to the Growth and Poverty Reduction Strategy (GPRS 11) to ascertain how the identified problems/issues/gaps relate to the GPRS 11 thematic areas.
Below gives the detailed analysis:Key to Scores
Very strong linkage with harmonized development problems - 3
Strong linkage with harmonized development problems - 2
Weak Linkage with harmonized development problems - 1
No Linkage with harmonized development problems - 0
For tables refer to pdf file attached