Religion and Ethnicity
The District though has a number of seasonal workers is not heterogeneous because the population is not very diverse in terms of religion and ethnicity. The presence of abundant agricultural, mining and timber potentials has been the recipe for the influx of people from other parts of Ghana especially Northern Ghana and Western Region. Despite this the District can be said to be largely homogenous as the people of the District are mainly Asantes with pockets of other tribes mainly of Northern extraction. There are also others as Ewes, Gas and Fantis
As shown in the Table 5 .below, the ethnic composition is overwhelmingly Akan dominated (77.4%) with tribes of the northern Ghana extraction (especially the Mole-Dagbon) making up 9.05%. Ewes, Grumas, Grusis and Mandes make up the remaining one-tenth. The non-Akans live in the peri-urban where they engage in trading and other economic activities. All the ethnic groups live in harmony.
The cultural beliefs of the people of Atwima Mponua are akin to what pertains in Akan communities in the country. The belief of the existence of Omnipotent God runs through the cultural perception of the people. The 2000 Census data show that in terms of religious affiliation of the people majority of the inhabitants are Christians (73.5%).
Moslems constitute about 13.2% of the population while traditional religion practitioners and other faiths make up the rest. The traditional set up of the people accords the chief power and reverence in the communities. The chief in the traditional setting excises both executive and legislative powers within the stool boundaries and is assisted to rule by a well structured hierarchical council of elders including queen mothers.
The level of communal spirit in any community directly reflects the exercise of royal authority through the innate perception of love, respect etc that flow from the community leaders.
A prominent traditional festival of the people is the ‘AMANANO ASUOBO’. The week long celebration is consciously observed by the people to mark ‘spiritual purification by their ancestors’ and is therefore heralded by the spirit of cleanliness. It can be expected that the festival, if well organized, could be used to harness support for development activities of the people.
For tables refer to pdf file attachedd