The predominant soils in the district are the Kumasi-Asuansi/Nsuta-Ofin Compound Associations and the Bekwai- Nzema/Oda Complex Associations.
The Kumasi-Asuansi Compound Associations developed over Cape Coast Granites are generally medium to coarse textured, good structured and moderately gravelly. The soils have a fairly high moisture holding capacity. The soils are marginal for mechanical cultivation. Hand cultivation is recommended. The soils are good for agriculture.
They are suitable for tree and arable crops such as cocoa, citrus, oil palm, mangoes, guava, avocado, maize, cassava, yams, cocoyam, plantain, pawpaw, groundnuts pineapple and ginger. The valley bottom soils are good for the cultivation of rice, sugarcane and vegetable.
Soils of the Kumasi-Asuansi Compound Associations are found at places like Nerebehi, Abuakwa, Nkawie, Toase etc. Residential activities and sand winning have currently taken most of these good agriculture lands.
The Bekwai- Nzema/Oda Complex Associations developed over Birimian Phyllites, Greywacks, Schist and Gneisses are very deep, red, well drained and brown. Their moisture holding capacity is fairly high although surface layers are susceptible to dry season drought.
The soils are moderately good for agriculture. The upland and slope soils are suitable for all the tree and arable crops mentioned already. The valley bottoms are good for the cultivation of rice, sugarcane and vegetables.
Soils of the Bekwai- Nzema/Oda Complex Associations are found at places like Fufuo, Mfensi, Barekese, Adankwame, Akropong, Amanchia, Besease, Wurapong, Boahenkwa, etc.