The Logical Framework or Project Planning Matrix is a four by four Matrix which provides a one stage summary of what the plan is expected to achieve, how they are going to be achieved, crucial factors for the success of the plan and how the success of the projects can be assessed. It divides the plan into four levels namely; the narrative summary, an overall goal, the Purpose, the outputs, activities, Objectively Verifiable Indicators, Means of Verification and Important Assumptions. The log frame is based on the ‘if then’ principle. The hierarchy of objectives is collectively referred to as the Narrative Summary. These concepts are explained below:
This is the long term ultimate objective that the entire plan seeks to achieve. It can also be explained as the higher level objective towards whose achievement plan is expected to contribute.
The purpose describes the anticipated benefits of the plan that would contribute to the achievement of the overall goal. The purpose is what we expect to result from all the achievement of the outputs of one programme or project.
These are the third level objective that the plan management must achieve as necessary requirement to achieve each of the plan purposes. They are the outcomes that results from the execution of the planned activities.
These are the specific actions or projects that must be implemented in order to produce the results or outputs. They are the actions have to be physically undertaken by the plan implementers in order to produce the outputs.
Objectively Verifiable Indicators
These are the yardsticks to verify the extents to which the overall goal, purpose and outputs have been achieved. It thus measures the extent of achievement of each objective. Its attributes are: quality, quantity, time, location and target groups.
Means of Verification
This gives an exact description of where to find data to verify the indicator. Before settling on each means of verification, the planning team needs to ask the following questions, what information do we need, where can we get it and how reliable are the sources are.
They are important factors outside the control of the plan but necessary for the success of the plan. They are worded as positive conditions and are weighted according to their importance and probability. The project environment is very critical. Hence assumptions are made within the appreciated and influenced environment of the project since it is impossible to control factors within these environments of the project.
Refer to pdf file attached for tables.