PHYSICAL AND NATURAL ENVIRONMENT
Climate and Vegetation
The Municipality falls in the savannah agro-ecological zone. Rainfall pattern is bi-modal with the average annual temperature ranging between 25.1OC in August and 28.4OC in February and March. February and March are normally the hottest months. The Municipality has two main vegetation namely shrub lands and grassland. The shrub lands occur mostly in the western outskirts and in the north towards the Aburi hills and consist of dense cluster of small trees and shrubs that grow to an average height of about five meters. The grassland which occurred to the southern parts of the district has now been encroached upon by human activities including settlements.
Soil and Agricultural Land use
The table 1.3 below shows the various types of soils that can be found in the municipality and the crops that are suitable for them.
Land Tenure System
Land in the District is owned by chiefs, clan or family heads who hold them in trust for their subjects. However, land could also be acquired through direct purchase, rented, leasehold and share cropping (nnoboboa).
The fact that these parcels of land could be inherited through parents or grand parents has led to a lot of sale and resale of land with its attendant land litigations and chieftaincy disputes. This situation has also contributed to the rapid loss of farm lands with its attendant unemployment and subsequent migration to the urban areas.
Relief And Drainage
The Districts land area consist of gentle slopes interspersed with plains in the west. The Akwapim range rises steeply above the western end and lies generally at 375-420m north of Aburi and fall to 300m southward. There are a few rivers and seasonal streams most of which are threatened by human activities.
This include the sisami stream at Sesemi and the Dakubi at Ajako. Other small ponds exist at Abloradjei, Sesemi, Danfa, Otinibi and Old Ashongman. Most of these ponds are also threatened by human activities and the Assembly has to make conscious efforts to preserve them for agricultural use. Feasibility studies are therefore being conducted for possibility of an Aqua-culture to generate income for the youth. The District also has a lot of ground water which has been tapped to provide potable water for the rural communities and small towns.
Refer to the pdf file for tables below.