UPDATE ON CORE INDICATORS AND TARGETS
The MPCU at the planning phase selected twenty-three (23) indicators for tracking progress of selected objectives. It is however gratifying to mention that one of the objectives which was the operationalisation of the Mutual Health Insurance Scheme (MHIS) in all public health facilities by 2009 was achieved in the year 2007. The Assembly is therefore monitoring twenty-two (22) indicators.
A cursory look at table 2.3 shows limited progress in most of the indicators. The length of drains and culverts constructed, percentage annual growth of IGF, percentage of IGF used for capital projects, number of farmers into alternative livelihood, number of youth in the NYEP could not keep pace with targets. The number of market infrastructure completed, gender parity, TB case detection, % of rural population with access to water, child panels established, number of basic school blocks constructed and completed followed the same pattern. The number of basic school blocks constructed, percentage of rural population with access to water, gender parity index could not only keep pace with target but also fell short of 2007 indicator levels.
The above situation notwithstanding, steady progress has been made with respect to five (5) indicators. These are percentage reduction in the incidence of malaria, length of urban roads constructed, number of women’s groups benefitting from credit facilities, number of farmers trained on improved seeds and planting materials and percentage of population participating in civic education programmes.
It is very important to state that some of the implementing departments did not set targets or data was not available to track progress. A special case is the assessment of maternal mortality ratio, under five mortality ratio and malaria fatality in children under five. Data for these indicators are not available because cases are referred to hospitals outside the municipality. Unfortunately this situation will persist until a District hospital is established.
The length of feeder roads constructed and upgraded could not be assessed because the department did not present any reports neither at the mid-year nor annual review meetings.
Report on Critical Development and Poverty Issues
There are a number of poverty alleviation interventions being executed in the Municipality. Most of these programmes are not captured in the MTDP because they were introduced after the formulation of the Plan. It is however imperative to state that the programmes supports the realization of the Assembly goal which is ’Accelerated Poverty reduction, enhanced quality of life of the people and empowerment of the vulnerable within the contest of Good Governance.
The interventions include the Livelihood Empowerment Programme, Capitation Grant, School feeding programme, National Youth Employment Programme and the Free Ride Mass Transit for children. The details of the status of implementation of these policy interventions as gathered from the various implementing agencies and departments are given in subsequent pages in this document.
The National Youth Employment Programme
The Assembly is participating in the National Youth Employment Programme (NYEP) with the Youth in Sanitation and waste Management, Auxiliary Nurses and Youth in Non-crop Agriculture modules being implemented. Even though the Assembly recognizes the need to provide jobs for the youth, the NYEP has not been able to provide the needed job as envisaged. In the year under review no employments were provided for any body under the programme in the Municipality even though one hundred (100) applications were submitted for consideration under the community police module. In the year 2007 one hundred and ninety-two (192) youth were employed and since then nothing has been added.
The situation as described above indicates that there is the need to review the implementation of the programme in the Municipality to ensure that many of the youth benefit to ensure poverty alleviation. Besides this the youth in sanitation and waste management module has been tailored to address the problems of sanitation in the municipality. In addition the structure of the programme has been drawn parallel to the existing MMDAs structure. For instance, supervisors of sweepers do not report to the Municipal Head of Waste Management. This situation impedes coordination, monitoring and effective use of the sweepers.
Free Ride Mass Transit For School Children
The Free Ride Mass Transport for children is still operational in the Municipality. The routes and other issues reported in the 2007 APR still apply.
Special Challenges with Implementation of the District M&E Plan
The Assembly’s M&E plan provides the framework for monitoring and evaluation of the implementation of the MTDP 2006-2009. As stated elsewhere in this document, the M&E Plan initially had twenty-four (24) indicators but was reduced to twenty-three. The indicators as captured in the plan have also been reviewed and changes made to ensure adherence to the national M&E indicators.
The various M&E activities are organized especially the monthly field visits, review meetings and preparation of APRs. It is however important to state that the dates for the various activities as stated in the M&E calendar are not strictly adhered to due to the following.
- No budgetary allocation for M&E
- Lack of M&E soft ware
- Lack of coordination of the implementation process
- Inadequate data and poor collection mechanism
The Capitation Grant Implementation in the Municipality
As reported in the 2007 APR all basic schools in the Municipality are benefiting under the fee-free policy for public basic schools. Information from the Municipal Directorate of Education indicates that the grant for the 2007-2008 academic years has been fully paid. The amount was one hundred and twenty-two thousand, one hundred and forty-five cedid (¢122,145.00). The amount was received in three tranches of forty thousand seven hundred and fifteen cedis (¢40,715.00) per tranche. The issue of inadequacy of the three Ghana cedis (GH¢ 3.00) per child was raised for Government’s consideration.
The School Feeding Programme Implementation
The above mentioned programme which aims at providing at least one balanced diet a day for pupils is still being implemented in the Municipality. The schools benefiting as indicated in the 2007 APR was thirty-one (31) out of 64 basic schools in the Municipality. This has not changed in the year under consideration. Reports from, the Municipal Education Directorate also indicate that the problems enumerated in the 2007 APR have still not been remedied. These includes but not restricted to the following.
- Nonpayment of the salaries of kitchen staff
- Inadequate staff to serve the children
- Meals hours eating into contact hours
The Municipal Assembly is proposing the extension of the programme to the remaining thirty-three (33) basic schools that are not currently participating in the programme.
Livelihood Empowerment Against Poverty (LEAP)
The Municipal Assembly in the year under review benefitted under the Livelihood Empowerment Against Poverty (LEAP) programme. LEAP is a social protection intervention and seeks to improve the livelihood of identified extremely poor households and persons with disabilities who have functional limitation through cash transfers. At the moment forty-four (44) Metropolitan, Municipal and District Assemblies (MMDAs) including the Ga East Assembly are implementing the programme.
In the Ga East, the Department of Social Welfare is in charge of implementation. To oversee the smooth implementation of LEAP in the Municipality, an eleven (11) member Municipal LEAP Implementation Committee (MLIC) was constituted. The Committee mapped out from the poverty profile of the Assembly and the under listed fifteen (15) communities were selected to benefit under the programme.
- Abokobi (Dravaga, Sesemi)
- Pantang Village
The MLIC in collaboration with Assembly members and traditional Authorities formed Community Livelihood Implementation Committees (CLIC) after which volunteers were trained to administer questionnaires to select beneficiary households.
Selection and Registration of Beneficiaries
Out of a quota of two hundred (200) households earmarked for the Municipal Assembly, one hundred and fifty-seven (157) households were identified and registered. Out of the 157 registered, eighty-eight (88) qualified as beneficiaries after the data was processed at the Central LEAP Secretariat.
Cash Transfers to Beneficiaries
Three pay points have been established in collaboration with Ghana Post. These are;
- Madina Post Office
- Abokobi Post Office
- Danfa Health Center
The eighty-eight beneficiary households have since received cash transfers ranging between fifteen to thirty Ghana cedis (GHe1 15-30) per month from November to December 2008.
The implementation of the programme faces a number of challenges that need to be managed effectively to ensure programme success. Of more importance is the challenge the implementing department has to deal with which includes the following;
- Inadequate staffing
- Inadequate budgetary provision
- Lack of transport
- Inadequate office equipment
Other challenges encountered were due to the limited time (three days) for the registration which resulted in the Assembly’s quota of 200 households not being achieved. Also due to the inadequate training given to the volunteers, the questionnaires were poorly administered which resulted in the disqualification of many potential beneficiaries.
Provision of Microfinance
Access to loan facilities is still one of the difficult tasks for the various economic groupings in the municipality. It is worth mentioning that there are various Banks located in the Municipality including rural Banks whose loan facilities are available. Unfortunately, the requirements for accessing these loans make it difficult for the small and medium scale enterprises (SMEs) and other women’s groups. A few Savings and Loans Companies are also located in the Municipality.
The activities of some Non-governmental Organizations (NGOs) has however brought relieve to some women’s groups in the municipality. In the year 2007, Kraban supported about 180 women with loan facilities to boast their economic ventures. In the year under review, APED also supported 135 women in various communities. The details of the loan facility and the groups involved are given in Table 6 below.
Evaluation And Participatory M&E
There has not been any evaluation of the implementation of the MTDP even though evaluation is captured in the M&E calendar. This situation has made it impossible for the Assembly to assess the relevance, effectiveness and good practices of the implementation of the MTDP. This not withstanding, monitoring of activities are organized frequently both by the Assembly and the departments. The implementing Departments use their staff in monitoring planned activities as well as specific indicators. Reports generated are discussed at the Municipal Planning Coordinating Unit (MPCU) meetings.
Besides these, site meetings are also organized in collaboration with relevant stakeholders during which critical issues with regards to project implementation are discussed. It should be noted that participation has not been very encouraging as expected for various reasons. These include apathy, lack of motivation and elaborate procedures for citizens’ participation.
In addition the Assembly’s efforts at promoting authentic participation has been constrained by the high cost involved.
Refer to the pdf file below.