The 2000 Population and Housing Census put the population of the East Gonja District at 174,500 (Special Reports) and it is currently estimated at 197,932 using an annual rate of growth 2.1% per annum.Salaga, is the administrative capital.
The district’s share of the total population of the Northern Region is 9.67%, second after the Tamale Municipality. The total population of the Northern Region stood at 1,820,806 (as at 2000). The district’s population growth rate is 2.1% (1984-2000), lower than both the regional and national averages of 2.9% and 2.5% respectively. The growth rate for the 1970-1984 Censual periods was 3.9%, which indicates a significant decline in the growth rate of the population 2.1%.
This relatively low population growth rate could be explained by increased out-migration from the District combined with modest success of population control and education measures of the Ministry of Health. This lower population growth rate in East Gonja District is an asset to be maintained and reinforced through conscious policy, promotional and educational measures.
The Chiefs and Elders of East Gonja Traditional Council have thrown their weight behind 2014 National Best Farmer Mr. George Asamoah Amankwah on his exploits help to create employment through agriculture production as means of improving livelihood in the area.
The Ghana Education Trust Fund (GETFund) has committed GHc2.5 million to the improvement of infrastructure at the Kpembe Nursing, Midwifery and Health Assistants Training College at Salaga in the East Gonja District of the Northern Region.
Farmers in the East Gonja District of the Northern Region have hailed the sustainable development of rain-fed production project of the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) being implemented in the area.
Established some three years ago to facilitate skills training and capacity building for the youth and people of the East Gonja district, Sakpalua Skills Training Centre still operates but struggles with required tutors to conduct training at the centre.