The Bole District used to be part of West Gonja District with Damongo as the Capital. The District has Bole as its capital, which still remain part of the Gonja Kingdom established in the 17th Century by Ndewura Jakpa. It is also the cradle of Gonja culture with its traditional capital at Nyange which is located in the present day Sawla Tuna Kalba District.
Nyange is the capital of Gonja activity when the King is to be enskinned and also at death laid in state there; thereafter the body is carried by foot through a footpath to Mankuma where the king is finally laid to rest. Gonja Kings no longer reside at Nyange for reasons best known to the Traditional authorities and King makers. The traditional capital moved from Nyange to Damongo
Until recently the Sawla Tuna District used to be part of the Bole District, The boundaries have therefore been changed and now lies between latitude 8’10 5 and 09’ and longitude 1.50 E and 2.45 W. It is located at the extreme western part of the Northern Region of Ghana. The District is bounded to the North by the SawlaTuna Kalba District, to the West by the Republic of Cote Divoire with the Black Volta river being the boundary between the two neighbouring countries, to the East by the West Gonja District, to the south by the Wenchi and Kintampo North Districts in the Brong Ahafo Region. The District extends from Bodi to the North and Bamboi to the south.
The Bole District covers an area of about 4800 square km; out of the area of 70,384sq km of the Northern region. It has an estimated population of about 75,151 (2000 population projected) The population rate is about 3.6% per annum. The population is sparse with a density of about 14 per a km.
The District Capital Bole is the only biggest town in the district. Other major towns include Bamboi, Maluwe, Tinga, Tasilma, Mandari and Banda/Nkwanta. For the percentage land take of District and the Northern Region in relation to Ghana (238,533sq km), they are 2.0% and 29.6% respectively. This means that the land take of the district is 6.8% of the total land mass of the Northern Region.