The Yilo Krobo Municipal is one of the twenty-one districts in the Eastern Region. It lies approximately between latitude 60 .00’N and 00 .30’N and between longitude 00 . 30’ and 10 .00’W. It covers an estimated area of 805sq.km, constituting 4.2 percent of the total area of the Eastern Region with Somanya as its capital.
The municipality is bounded in the north and east by Lower Manya Krobo District, in the South by Akwapim North and Dangme District and on the West by New Juaben Municipal, East Akim Municipal and Fanteakwa District. There are however, conflicts over some resources among Manya, Yilo and Akwapim North Districts due to unclear demarcation of boundaries.