SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND INNOVATION
With the current trend of globalisation, science, technology and innovation are the driving force for any society to achieve the requisite development. The pace of development is also determined to a large extent by the level or application of science, technology and innovation in the production of goods and services.
However, the application or use of modern science, technology and innovation in the production system of the Municipality is not well developed or less and as such the Municipality still uses the rudimentary methods or technology in the exploitation of the factors of production. Therefore, the implication of science, technology and innovation on the Municipalit’s overall development is that, they affect the exploitation of both natural and human resources potentials of the Municipality. This means that in order for the Municipality to realise the full benefit of its numerous resources, it must adopt and use modern science, technology and innovation to improve the living conditions of its citizens.
c. Telecommunication and Postal Services
Telecommunication facilities or services which were very limited in time past are now covering almost the entire district in 2013. The leading telephone operators operating in the Municipality are MTN, Vodafone and and AirtelTigo. Presently, the Municipality is not connected to the national telecommunication network (landline). This telephone system is sometimes not reliable as it often breaks/cuts. Notwithstanding that, this has enhanced communication and businesses among the people in the Municipality and outside.
In terms of postal services, the district has two post offices at Bibiani and Sefwi Bekwai which has improved postal services tremendously and impact positively on the development of the Municipality. There is one at Awaso which is not functional.
c. Fire Service
There is a fire service station in the Municipality located at Bibiani, the Municipality capital with fire service officers. The station has fire-fighting equipment e.g. fire tender or vehicle. This has a positive development implication in terms fire outbreaks and emergencies in the Municipality.
Energy for that matter electricity is one of the key pillars for economic growth and development. Therefore, the presence of national grid in the Municipality has great potentials for growth in areas such as agro-processing, trading, manufacturing both for commercial and domestic uses hence poverty reduction. As many as 51 communities have connected to the national grid in the Municipality. However, the rampant power outages being experienced by the people of the Municipality negatively affect productivity and production.
e. Police Service
The Municipality has its District Command with a District Police Commander stationed at the police headquarters, Bibiani. There are five Police Stations and three Police Barriers in the Municipality. The stations lack decent offices and residential accommodation for stationed officers. Additionally, inadequate staff is one major problem that has bedevilled the police administration over the years in the Municipality.
f. Other Security Agencies
Immigration and BNI are stationed in the Municipality to enhance general.
g. Judicial Service
The Municipality has Circuit and Magistrate Courts which are all established at Bibiani presided over by qualified judges. The presence of the courts has brought justice and so much relief to the people. Hitherto, cases had to be sent to Sefwi Wiawso for redress.
The 2010 Ghana Population and Housing Census is the second national census, following the 2000 census, which included a comprehensive housing census. The two censuses provided an official count of all structures (permanent and temporary) within the nation. Among the issues covered were the number of occupied and unoccupied dwelling units, the type of dwelling and the main materials used in construction, occupancy status, and methods of waste disposal, utilities and household facilities. It is envisaged that the housing data from the 2010 PHC will enable planners and policy makers formulate realistic and relevant housing policies and design appropriate programmes to meet Ghana’s housing needs.
I. Housing Stock
There is often a relationship between socio-economic conditions of households and the quality of life of its members. As a unit for production and consumption of resources, the characteristics of a household such as size, composition, and economic base, have implications for aspects such as health, productivity, social interaction, welfare, security and general outlook. According to 2010 Population and Housing Census there were a total of 18,540 houses in the Municipality with urban forming 26.1 per cent and rural constituting 73.9 per cent. The data also shows that there are 27,961 households made up of 30.2 per cent in urban and 69.8 per cent in the rural areas in the Municipality.
Bibiani Anhwiaso Bekwai is a Municipality with an average household size of 4.3 persons with the rural recording a slightly higher number of 4.4 persons and urban (4.0).
Population per house in the district is also 6.5, with 7.0 persons in the urban and 6.3 persons in the rural areas.
ii. Type of Dwelling, Holding and Tenancy Arrangements
The total population owning houses in the Municipality is 27,961 constituting about 5 per cent of the regional population owning houses. Among the various categories of ownership status, male headed households owning houses (67.3%) supersedes female headed households owning houses in the Municipality (32.7%). Houses owned by a household member constitute about 58 per cent of the total number of houses in the District and is followed by houses owned by relative not a household member (19%) and other private individual (18.1%). Table 8.2 clearly depicts information on ownership status of dwelling by sex of household head and type of locality.
The population owning houses in the rural areas (69.8%) is higher than the urban population (30.2%) owning houses. In respect of houses owned by other private individual, majority of the population in urban centres of the Municipality occupy houses which belongs to other people than in the rural communities of the Municipality with their figures given as (58.1%) and (48.1%) respectively. However houses owned by Relative not a household member are highly occupied in the rural (73.0%) than urban (27%) areas in the Municipality.
iii. Occupied dwelling
The table 36 presents data on the type of dwelling unit occupied by households in the district.
Over one-half (53.9%) of all dwelling units are compound houses making it the most common type of dwelling unit in the district. Separate houses account for 32.0 per cent of dwelling units in the Municipality.
Living in semi-detached houses and flats or apartments is not common among resident households in the district. Only 9.5 per cent live in semi-detached houses and 2.8 per cent dwell in flats or apartments.
v. Construction Materials
The main materials used by households for the construction of dwelling unit are mud brick/earth in the rural areas (51.4%) compared to 20.3 per cent in the urban areas. In contrast, 40.7 per cent of rural households live in buildings constructed mainly with Cement blocks/Concrete whereas those in the urban areas constitute 72.4 per cent. Also, 2.0 per cent of households in the rural areas in the Municipality use burnt bricks as material for the construction of dwellings while that in the urban areas constitute 3.1 per cent of household.
However, less 2.0 per cent of dwelling units in the Municipality are constructed of wood, stone, landcrete, bamboo, palm leaf/ thatch (grass)/ raffia and other materials for the outer wall of dwellings. It also indicated by 2010 PHC that cement/ concrete (87.4%) is the main construction material used in the Municipality. The pattern is the same for construction material for the floor in both urban (88.9%) and rural (86.8).
In the case of main material for roofing in Table 8.6, shows that 92.6 per cent of dwelling units are roofed with metal sheets. This has 91.7 per cent in the urban areas and 92.9 per cent in the rural areas. In the urban areas, percentages of houses roofed with thatch and slate/ asbestos constitute 1.6 per cent and 3.2 per cent respectively. Thatched and slate/ asbestos constitute 2.2 per cent and 0.8 per cent of roofing materials used in the rural areas.
Mud/Mud bricks/Earth, Wood, Cement/Concrete, Roofing tile, Bamboo and other roofing materials form a percentage below 1 per cent of materials used for roofing and the use of cement or concrete accounts for only 0.8per cent in the Municipality.
iv. Room Occupancy
The relationship between the number of rooms and the number of persons gives the space available per person. According to 2010 PHC, 58.9 per cent of households in the Municipality occupy one room. As little over 22 per cent of households occupy two rooms and 9.1 per cent occupy three rooms. Household that occupy four rooms or more together constitute 8.3 per cent. On the part of those who occupy single room, a single member alone constitutes 89.9 per cent. It is quite significant in cases where three or more persons live in one room ranging between 8.5 per cent for ten or more person and 67.9 per cent for three persons.
vi. Access to Utilities and Household facilities
The quality of life of persons depends, among other factors, upon the amenities and assets available to them. Though remarkable achievements have been made in extending basic amenities to the people in the district, there are still large areas of deprivation, which requires urgent attention. Electricity as the source of lighting is available to 72.0 per cent households. This is followed by Kerosene lamp (13.4%) and Flashlight/Torch (13.0%). Firewood, crop residue, gas lamp, solar energy, candle, are other sources of lighting for households in the Municipality as indicated in the table 37.
The three main sources of energy for cooking in the Municipality as presented in Table 38 are wood (64.4%), charcoal (18.9%) and Gas (9.6%). Fire wood remains the main source of cooking fuel for rural localities (76.8%) while charcoal, was the most common energy source in urban localities (36.9%). The use of gas as a source of energy for cooking for households is substantially higher in urban areas (19.5%) than rural areas (5.3%). Also, electricity as a source of energy for cooking is minimal in both urban (0.4%) and rural areas (0.3%).
Date Created : 5/31/2019 7:09:52 AM