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GOVERNANCE

GOVERNANCE

Introduction

Governance refers to that process of decision making and the process by which these decisions are implemented. The concept is applied in many context as such corporate governance, international governance, national governance and local governance. The major characteristics of good governance include: participation, consensus building, transparency, responsiveness, effectiveness and efficiency, equity and inclusiveness, reduction in corruption and voice and accountability of minority groups.

The development process of the district is underpinned on the various institutional set-ups which include traditional governance structures, the private sector, state institutions, non-governmental organizations and community/faith based organizations.

Under the Local Government Act, 2016 (Act 936), the District Assembly is the highest political administrative and planning authority at the District level and responsible for the overall governance and development of the whole District. Under the Act, the Assembly has deliberative, legislative and executive functions.

The Executive Committee, under the Local Governance Act 2016 (Act 936), exercises the executive and co-ordinating functions of the District Assembly. Its functions include:

a. Co-coordinating plans and programmes of the Sub-Committees and submitting these as comprehensive plans of action to
    the District Assembly.

b. Implementing resolutions of the District Assembly;

c. Overseeing the administration of the District in collaboration with the office of the District Chief Executive;

d. Recommending to the District Assembly, the economic, social, spatial and human settlement policies relating to the
     development of the district;

e. Initiating and co-ordinating the process of planning, programming, budgeting and implementation; and

f.  Monitoring and evaluating all policies, programmes and projects in the district.

Composition of the District Assembly

The District Assembly is made up of the following:

i. The District Chief Executive

ii. 18 Assembly members, made up of 12 elected by universal adult suffrage and 6 other members appointed by Government in
    line with the Local Governance Act 936, 2016, which requires the Government to appoint 30% of the elected Assembly
    members in consultation with interest groups.

iii. The Members of Parliament in the District.

The District Chief Executive, who represents the Central Government in the District, chairs the Executive Committee which is responsible for the execution of administrative and executive functions of the District Assembly.

The Executive Committee of the Assembly has the following statutory sub-committees. These include:

a  Finance and Administration Sub-committee

b  Works Sub-committee

c  Social Services Sub-committee

d  Development Planning Sub-committee

e  Justice and Security Sub-committee

Every Sub-Committee is responsible for collating and deliberating on issues relevant to it and shall submit its recommendations to the Executive Committee of the Assembly. Actions taken are submitted /forwarded to the General Assembly for ratification, approval and implementation.

The District Planning Co-ordinating Unit (DPCU) serves as technical backstoping of the District Assembly and is composed of key units and departmental heads and chaired by the District Co-ordinating Director. Currently, the membership of the 11 member DPCU in the District are the DCD, DPO, DBA, DE, DDH, DDE, DDA, Community Dev. Officer, and a member of the District Assembly. The district lacks the departments of Physical Planning hence depends on Atebubu-Amantin District for such services.

Under Act, 936, decentralized departments of the Assembly are presented in the table below. However, the commencement of section 38 and 161 of the Act, and the coming into force of LI 1961, 18th December, 2009, the departments in the first schedule of the Local Government

Act, 1993, Act 462are established as Departments of the District Assemblies under the Local Government Service Act, 2003, Act 656. Departments ceasing to exist and the new departments established are presented in table 1.11 below.



 

Sub-district Structures of the Assembly

Below the District Assembly are the Sub-district Structures established under Legislative Instruments 1589 (LI 1589) in response to the demand for popular participation in promoting decentralization and good governance.

The Assembly is subdivided into two (2) Area Councils, and one (1) Town Council:

· Prang Town Council

· Abease Area Council

· Adjaraja/Beposo Area Council

Despite their relevance, the operations of these sub-district structures are virtually ineffective owing to financial, logistical, office accommodation and human resources capacity challenges. The relevant staff required to manage the operations of the councils are non-existent.

The Abease Area Council was trained in various capacity programmes in procurement, stock management, openness, transparency and social accountability, participatory Monitoring and Evaluation and assisted to prepare development plans covering the period 2010 – 2013 and further assisted with GH¢15,000.00 each to implement projects identified in the plan by Community Based Rural Development Projects.

The remaining sub-structures also need to be trained and assisted to identify their needs and assisted to prepare a development plans.

Key Development Issues

1. Inadequate capacity of sub-structures

2. Inadequate resourcing of sub-structures

3. Lack of full complement of all departments/units

4. Inadequate capacity of Assembly Members

5. Inadequate office accommodation for Decentralized Departments

6. Inadequate financial and technical logistics for monitoring and evaluation data management

7. Inadequate qualified personnel in some departments.

Traditional Authority

The District has two Traditional Authorities which includes Prang and Abease paramountcies. These institutions together with their sub chiefs work in harmony to ensure that their paramountcies remain peaceful and have their share of the District and National

cakes. The cordial relationship between the traditional authorities and the Assembly would be harnessed for the development of the district. This is especially so in the area of community mobilization, project and programme identification, implementation, monitoring and evaluation development projects and pogrammes.

Traditional authority plays a very important role in the local government system of the District and can therefore be regarded as an integral part of the decentralization process. In the rural areas particularly, they command the respect of large numbers of their people. Allegiance of the people to traditional authority appears stronger, than to formal political authorities. Traditional authorities therefore have a crucial role to play in facilitating government policies and mobilizing their people for development. Another key role of traditional Authority is the issue of support for land administration reform .With a large migrant farmer population in the District, the issue of security of land tenure and protection of the vulnerable and excluded becomes very crucial.

1.13.5: Participation, Consultation and Accountability

Participation has been defined as the process of equitable and active involvement of all stakeholders (individuals, beneficiary communities of a project, donors etc) in the formulation of development policies and strategies and in the analysis, planning, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of development activities be it political, physical, cultural, socio-economic which have a positive effects on their lives.

Participation and consultation is one of the core mandates of the decentralization concept in order to give power to the grass root through empowerment and decision making. This is made possible through the conduct of elections at the local levels through the sub-district structures. Planning has also been decentralized with the authorization of planning at the various levels especially community action planning among others. Participation in the district has the potential of project sustainability.

Accountability is a way of holding authorities responsible for actions taking in the course of delivering their services. As part of this commitment, the Pru West district holds the obligation to at every level communicate to all stakeholders usage of funds and other resources.

Key Development Issues

1. Inadequate resources of the Assembly

2. Low level of awareness

3. Political polarization

Citizenry Participation in Community Development/Decision Making

Citizen?s participation in the district varies with respects to the issue in question. There are a number of factors including benefits to be gained (immediate or future) from the issue under discussions, the availability of appropriate mechanism that allows community members to participate in issues that concern them and their political and religious affiliations. Also of importance is the level of publicity and understanding of the subject. Leadership accountability mechanism also plays a great role to participation in community development.

It is however noted that there is a lot of indiscipline and poor citizenry attitude to communal labour accounting for lot of filth in public place and along major drains causing disaffection in the district. These include polythene bags, open defecation, indiscriminate disposal of refuse and waste water. The DA would have to do lot of public education to change people?s behavior towards sanitation and also enforce its by-laws for compliance.

Citizens Participation in Elections

Trend of Participation in general elections over the past four elections are as follows: in 2012, 75.84% and 66.33 in 2016. The target of 100% turnout has not been achieved yet; The Electoral Commission and National Commission on Civic Education must therefore intensify their education to sensitize the public to exercise their franchise since it forms part of their civic responsibilities. In general men turn to be more active than women as it is evidenced in the last district level elections where there were only 1 females out of 28 elected assembly members.




 

Date Created : 2/5/2019 2:50:52 AM