The physical features of the Mpohor District is made up of natural environment namely climate, vegetation, relief and drainage, location and size, the social and cultural environment in which the people live. The physical features are therefore essential elements or factors affecting the socio-economic development of the District.
Location and size
The Mpohor District is one of the 14 districts in the Western Region. The District is located at the south-eastern end of the region and was carved out from the erstwhile Mpohor Wassa East District in 2012 and established with a legislative instrument (L.I). It is bounded on the west by Ahanta West Municipal, east by Wassa East District, north-west by Tarkwa-Nsueam Municipal and Shama District (figure 1.1). The District covers a total land area of 524.533 square kilometers. The District capital Mpohor is located 19 km off the Takoradi-Agona Nkwanta main road.
The District falls within the tropical climate zone. The mean annual rainfall is 1500mm and ranges from 1300 to 2000mm. The wet period in the District is between March and July while November to January is dry. Generally, the rainfall pattern is supportive of agricultural activities.
Relief and drainage
The District lies within the low-lying areas of the country with most parts below 150 metres above sea level. The landscape is generally undulating landscape with an average height of about 70 metres. The highest elevation ranges between 150 and 200 metres above sea level. The drainage pattern of the Mpohor District is largely dendritic. There are a number of rivers and streams in the District (e.g. Subri, Butre and Hwini).
Soils, geology, minerals and vegetation
There are four main categories of rock and soil types which underlie the District namely: Lower Birimian, Dixcove granite, Cape Coast granite and Tarkwaian. More than half of the soil consists of Cape Coast granitic soils. Existing underground rocks in certain communities hinder the drilling of water facilities. The District therefore has large deposits of gold, traces of iron and kaolin hence the upsurge of mining activities which has resulted in the pollution of water resources in the District. The vegetation is tropical rainforest. (Extracted from DMTDP July, 2012).
Date Created : 11/20/2017 6:49:13 AM